Seeing the wood for the trees: how conservation policies can place greater pressure on village forests in southwest China
Melick, David; Yang, Xuefei; Xu, Jianchu
2007-06-01
发表期刊BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
ISSN0960-3115
卷号16期号:6页码:1959-1971
摘要

In the last 6 years China has introduced a number of policies to try and conserve forests and protect watershed integrity; these include a ban on commercial logging, reforestation projects, restrictions on upland farming and burning, and controls on livestock grazing. The blanket nature of these impositions when combined with rapid socio-economic changes have increased pressures on many small rural communities. In this paper, we examine the case of Jisha Village in northwestern Yunnan, China-a typical rural Tibetan community sustained by traditional agriculture and livestock management. The cessation of commercial logging has seen the community turn to towards other income streams such as non-timber forest products (NTFP), increased livestock and attempts to foster tourism. However, timber quotas together with new road access have spurred the development of unofficial markets for village firewood and enhanced access to nearby forests. In addition, the decline of bamboo-a traditional fencing material-has resulted in an estimated 35-fold increase in demand for pine wood. Wood demands in this community are swiftly exceeding the sustainable harvest levels. Forest loss does not merely represent the depletion or degradation of future village timber resources, but also the loss of NTFP habitat. Moreover, due to proscriptions on rangeland burning, pasturelands are becoming degraded and grazing in forests is more intensive-reducing forest regeneration. These findings support calls to improve the flexibility and incorporate local needs into forest policy-the problems highlighted here seem indicative of the practical and philosophical challenges facing environmental planning and research in China.

关键词Community Forest Firewood Collection Logging Ban Non-timber Forest Products Northwest Yunnan Pinus Densata Tibetan Villagers
收录类别SCI
语种英语
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/2537
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位Kunming Inst Bot, Dept Biogeog & Ecol, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Melick, David,Yang, Xuefei,Xu, Jianchu. Seeing the wood for the trees: how conservation policies can place greater pressure on village forests in southwest China[J]. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,2007,16(6):1959-1971.
APA Melick, David,Yang, Xuefei,&Xu, Jianchu.(2007).Seeing the wood for the trees: how conservation policies can place greater pressure on village forests in southwest China.BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,16(6),1959-1971.
MLA Melick, David,et al."Seeing the wood for the trees: how conservation policies can place greater pressure on village forests in southwest China".BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 16.6(2007):1959-1971.
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