Impacts of species richness on productivity in a large-scale subtropical forest experiment
Huang, Yuanyuan1; Chen, Yuxin1; Castro-Izaguirre, Nadia1; Baruffol, Martin1,2; Brezzi, Matteo1; Lang, Anne3; Li, Ying3; Haerdtle, Werner3; von Oheimb, Goddert4,5; Yang, Xuefei6,7; Liu, Xiaojuan1,8; Pei, Kequan8; Both, Sabine6; Yang, Bo9; Eichenberg, David6,10; Assmann, Thorsten3; Bauhus, Juergen11; Behrens, Thorsten12; Buscot, Francois4,13; Chen, Xiao-Yong14; Chesters, Douglas15; Ding, Bing-Yang16; Durka, Walter17; Erfmeier, Alexandra4,18; Fang, Jingyun19; Fischer, Markus20; Guo, Liang-Dong21; Guo, Dali22; Gutknecht, Jessica L. M.23; He, Jin-Sheng19; He, Chun-Ling15; Hector, Andy24; Hoenig, Lydia6; Hu, Ren-Yong25; Klein, Alexandra-Maria26; Kuehn, Peter12; Liang, Yu8; Li, Shan8; Michalski, Stefan17; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael27; Schmidt, Karsten12; Scholten, Thomas12; Schuldt, Andreas3,4; Shi, Xuezheng28; Tan, Man-Zhi28; Tang, Zhiyao19; Trogisch, Stefan4,6,27; Wang, Zhengwen29; Welk, Erik4,6; Wirth, Christian4,10; Wubet, Tesfaye4,13; Xiang, Wenhua30; Yu, Mingjian31; Yu, Xiao-Dong15; Zhang, Jiayong32; Zhang, Shouren8; Zhang, Naili8; Zhou, Hong-Zhang15; Zhu, Chao-Dong15; Zhu, Li8; Bruelheide, Helge4,6; Ma, Keping8; Niklaus, Pascal A.1; Schmid, Bernhard1
摘要Biodiversity experiments have shown that species loss reduces ecosystem functioning in grassland. To test whether this result can be extrapolated to forests, the main contributors to terrestrial primary productivity, requires large-scale experiments. We manipulated tree species richness by planting more than 150,000 trees in plots with 1 to 16 species. Simulating multiple extinction scenarios, we found that richness strongly increased stand-level productivity. After 8 years, 16-species mixtures had accumulated over twice the amount of carbon found in average monocultures and similar amounts as those of two commercial monocultures. Species richness effects were strongly associated with functional and phylogenetic diversity. A shrub addition treatment reduced tree productivity, but this reduction was smaller at high shrub species richness. Our results encourage multispecies afforestation strategies to restore biodiversity and mitigate climate change.
资助信息German Research Foundation; Chinese Academy of Sciences; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); European Union (EC 7th Framework Program)
资助项目German Research Foundation[DFG FOR 891] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB31000000] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19050000] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31270496] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31300353] ; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)[130720] ; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)[147092] ; European Union (EC 7th Framework Program)[608422]
通讯作者Bruelheide, Helge; Ma, Keping; Niklaus, Pascal A.; Schmid, Bernhard
作者单位1.Univ Zurich, Dept Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland
2.Inst Invest Recursos Biol Alexander von Humboldt, Calle 28A 5-09, Bogota, Colombia
3.Leuphana Univ Luneburg, Inst Ecol, Univ Allee 1, D-21335 Luneburg, Germany
4.German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Deutsch Pl 5e, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
5.Tech Univ Dresden, Inst Gen Ecol & Environm Protect, POB 1117, D-01735 Tharandt, Germany
6.Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Kirchtor 1, D-06108 Halle, Saale, Germany
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, 134 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Bot, State Key Lab Vegetat & Environm Change, Beijing 100093, Peoples R China
9.Jingdezhen Univ, Key Lab Plant Resources & Biodivers Jiangxi Prov, 838 Cidu Ave, Jingdezhen 333000, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
10.Univ Leipzig, Inst Spezielle Botan & Funkt Biodiversitat, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
11.Univ Freiburg, Fac Environm & Nat Resources, Chair Silviculture, Tennenbacherstr 4, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany
12.Univ Tubingen, Dept Geosci Soil Sci & Geomorphol, Rumelinstr 19-23, D-72074V Tubingen, Germany
13.UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Soil Ecol, Theodor Lieser Str 4, D-06120 Halle, Saale, Germany
14.East China Normal Univ, ECNU UH Joint Translat Sci & Technol Res Inst, Sch Ecol & Environm Sci, Shanghai 200241, Peoples R China
15.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Zool, 1 Beichen West Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
16.Wenzhou Univ, Sch Life & Environm Sci, Wenzhou, Peoples R China
17.UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Community Ecol, Theodor Lieser Str 4, D-06120 Halle, Saale, Germany
18.Univ Kiel, Inst Ecosyst Res, Olshausenstr 75, D-24118 Kiel, Germany
19.Peking Univ, Dept Ecol, 5 Yiheyuan Rd, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
20.Univ Bern, Inst Plant Sci, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013 Bern, Switzerland
21.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Microbiol, State Key Lab Mycol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
22.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
23.Univ Minnesota, Dept Soil Water & Climate, St Paul, MN USA
24.Univ Oxford, Dept Plant Sci, South Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3RB, England
25.Wenzhou Univ, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Dept Biol, Wenzhou 325035, Peoples R China
26.Univ Freiburg, Fac Earth & Environm Sci, Nat Conservat & Landscape Ecol, Freiburg, Germany
27.Univ Freiburg, Fac Biol, Geobot, Freiburg, Germany
28.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Soil Sci, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
29.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Appl Ecol, 72 Wenhua Rd, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, Peoples R China
30.Cent South Univ Forestry & Technol, Fac Life Sci & Technol, Changsha 410004, Hunan, Peoples R China
31.Zhejiang Univ, Coll Life Sci, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
32.Zhejiang Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Life Sci, Inst Ecol, Yingbin Rd 688, Jinhua City 321004, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
GB/T 7714
Huang, Yuanyuan,Chen, Yuxin,Castro-Izaguirre, Nadia,et al. Impacts of species richness on productivity in a large-scale subtropical forest experiment[J]. SCIENCE,2018,362(6410):80-+.
APA Huang, Yuanyuan.,Chen, Yuxin.,Castro-Izaguirre, Nadia.,Baruffol, Martin.,Brezzi, Matteo.,...&Schmid, Bernhard.(2018).Impacts of species richness on productivity in a large-scale subtropical forest experiment.SCIENCE,362(6410),80-+.
MLA Huang, Yuanyuan,et al."Impacts of species richness on productivity in a large-scale subtropical forest experiment".SCIENCE 362.6410(2018):80-+.
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