Native Forests Have a Higher Diversity of Macrofungi Than Comparable Plantation Forests in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Li, Huili1,2,3; Guo, Jiayu1,3; Karunarathna, Samantha C.1,3; Ye, Lei1,2,3; Xu, Jianchu1,3; Hyde, Kevin D.1,2,3,4; Mortimer, Peter E.1
2018-07-01
发表期刊FORESTS
ISSN1999-4907
卷号9期号:7页码:1
摘要

The Greater Mekong River Subregion (GMS) is a global biodiversity hotspot. Macrofungi play an essential role as decomposers, parasites, and symbionts, and are also an important source of medicine, food, and income for many communities in the GMS; however, the diversity and composition of macrofungi in this region remain poorly understood. In order to help address this knowledge gap, we established 20 permanent study plots in the GMS (native forests, tea plantation, pine plantations, mixed rubber and coffee plantation). Macrofungal diversity and community composition were evaluated across four study sites classified to two climate types and two management methods. Heat maps and nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) were used to show differences in macrofungal community composition, and linear relationships were illustrated in order to analyze how environmental factors influenced macrofungal diversity and community composition. In total, 7028 specimens were collected, belonging to 1360 species, 216 genera, and 79 families. Russula, Lactarius, Amanita, Mycena, Suillus, and Inocybe were found to be the dominant genera in the GMS. We found that ectomycorrhizal fungi were dominant in temperate forests and that saprobic fungi were dominant in tropical forests. We also found that macrofungal community composition in native forests differed from that of plantation forests, indicating that plantations can provide different and complementary habitats for macrofungal growth. Our analysis of environmental factors revealed that macrofungal diversity was weakly correlated with tree species richness, and strongly correlated with elevation and latitude.

关键词Tropical Temperate Diversity Environmental Factors Land Use Management
语种英语
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/61694
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Econ Plants & Biotechnol, 132 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Mae Fah Luang Univ, Ctr Excellence Fungal Res, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
3.World Agroforestry Ctr, East & Cent Asia, 132 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Mushroom Res Fdn, 128 M-3 Ban Pa Deng T Pae, Chiang Mai 50150, Thailand
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Li, Huili,Guo, Jiayu,Karunarathna, Samantha C.,et al. Native Forests Have a Higher Diversity of Macrofungi Than Comparable Plantation Forests in the Greater Mekong Subregion[J]. FORESTS,2018,9(7):1.
APA Li, Huili.,Guo, Jiayu.,Karunarathna, Samantha C..,Ye, Lei.,Xu, Jianchu.,...&Mortimer, Peter E..(2018).Native Forests Have a Higher Diversity of Macrofungi Than Comparable Plantation Forests in the Greater Mekong Subregion.FORESTS,9(7),1.
MLA Li, Huili,et al."Native Forests Have a Higher Diversity of Macrofungi Than Comparable Plantation Forests in the Greater Mekong Subregion".FORESTS 9.7(2018):1.
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