Farmers' perception of effective drought policy implementation: A case study of 2009-2010 drought in Yunnan province, China
Pradhan, Neera Shrestha1,2; Fu, Yao3; Zhang, Liyun4; Yang, Yongping3
2017-09-01
发表期刊LAND USE POLICY
ISSN0264-8377
卷号67页码:48-56
摘要Using a qualitative social research method at the local administrative level, this paper provides insight into the policy process in China and farmers' perceptions of the effectiveness of policies implemented to deal with drought. Two villages in rural South-West Yunnan were purposefully selected for the study. The research started with the general assumption that China has a strong top-down hierarchal approach to policy processes and that funding dispersal is prioritised by the central government. However, the study found that funding proposals are prioritised for selection in a bottom-up, participatory manner from the local level. The study also found that farmers' perceptions of the effectiveness of policy implementation were directly related to their past experience. Among the nine indicators used to measure the effectiveness of policy implementation at the local level, the farmers in the study area perceived access to roads as highly effective; water use efficiency projects, market demand, human mobility for jobs, and government funds as moderately effective; drought knowledge, community participation in planning, and governance structures as least effective; and the role of leadership as not effective. The study found that fanners' adaptation at the local level is oriented towards short-term market rewards and income diversification. Farmers' local-level adaptation is guided by government priorities and driven by their perception of tangible benefits. To ensure the effectiveness of policy ithplementation, long-term adaptation strategies, such as awareness raising, capacity building, watershed management, and source conservation need to be strengthened at the local level.
关键词Drought Gender-differentiated Impact Local Adaptation Policy Effectiveness Risk Perception Yunnan
语种英语
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/60297
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
2.Int Ctr Integrated Mt Dev ICIMOD, GPO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, 132 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Yunnan Univ, Inst Int Rivers & Ecosecur, 6th Floor Wenjin Bldg,2 North Rd Green Lake, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Pradhan, Neera Shrestha,Fu, Yao,Zhang, Liyun,et al. Farmers' perception of effective drought policy implementation: A case study of 2009-2010 drought in Yunnan province, China[J]. LAND USE POLICY,2017,67:48-56.
APA Pradhan, Neera Shrestha,Fu, Yao,Zhang, Liyun,&Yang, Yongping.(2017).Farmers' perception of effective drought policy implementation: A case study of 2009-2010 drought in Yunnan province, China.LAND USE POLICY,67,48-56.
MLA Pradhan, Neera Shrestha,et al."Farmers' perception of effective drought policy implementation: A case study of 2009-2010 drought in Yunnan province, China".LAND USE POLICY 67(2017):48-56.
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