Understanding land use, livelihoods, and health transitions among Tibetan nomads: A case from Gangga Township, Dingri County, Tibetan Autonomous Region of China
Xu, Jianchu1,2; Yang, Yong3; Li, Zhuoqing4; Tashi, Nyima3; Sharma, Rita2; Fang, Jing2
2008-06-01
发表期刊ECOHEALTH
ISSN1612-9202
卷号5期号:2页码:104-114
摘要Tibetan nomads in the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China have experienced profound transitions in recent decades with important implications for land use, livelihoods, and health development. The change from being traditional nomads to agropastoralists engaged in permanent agriculture, a sedentary village life (known as "sedentarization"), has been associated with a remarkable change in diet and lifestyle, decline in spatial mobility, increase in food production, and emerging infectious and noncommunicable diseases. The overarching response of the government has been to emphasize infrastructure and technological solutions. The local adaptation strategies of Tibetan nomads through maintaining balanced mobile herding, reindeer husbandry, as well as off-farm labor and trade could address both the cause of environmental degradation and improve the well-being of local people. Drawing on transdisciplinary, preliminary field work in Gangga Township of Dingri County in the foothills of Mt. Everest, we identify pertinent linkages between land use and health, and spatial and temporal mismatch of livelihoods and health care services, in the transition to sedentary village life. We suggest emerging imperatives in Ecohealth to help restore Tibetan livelihoods in transition to a sedentary lifestyle.
关键词Tibetan Nomads Ecosystem Health Transition
资助信息This research was supported by a grant from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada. The work was part of the Ecohealth project undertaken by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal. The authors express their thanks to the other team members for joint field work, including: Dunzhu from the Tibet Traditional Medical College of Tibet University; Chunfang, Naqiong, Dejiquzhen, and Wu Yujiang from the Tibet Academy of Agricultural and Animal Husbandry Sciences; and Nidun and Dawa from the Agriculture and Livestock Bureau of Dingri County, TAR, China. This article was vastly improved by comments from two anonymous reviewers and professional editing from Greta Rana.
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/2461
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Kunming Inst Bot, China Program, World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Int Ctr Integrated Mt Dev, Kathmandu, Nepal
3.Tibet Acad Agr & Anim Husb Sci, Lhasa, Peoples R China
4.Yunnan Inst Environm Sci, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
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Xu, Jianchu,Yang, Yong,Li, Zhuoqing,et al. Understanding land use, livelihoods, and health transitions among Tibetan nomads: A case from Gangga Township, Dingri County, Tibetan Autonomous Region of China[J]. ECOHEALTH,2008,5(2):104-114.
APA Xu, Jianchu,Yang, Yong,Li, Zhuoqing,Tashi, Nyima,Sharma, Rita,&Fang, Jing.(2008).Understanding land use, livelihoods, and health transitions among Tibetan nomads: A case from Gangga Township, Dingri County, Tibetan Autonomous Region of China.ECOHEALTH,5(2),104-114.
MLA Xu, Jianchu,et al."Understanding land use, livelihoods, and health transitions among Tibetan nomads: A case from Gangga Township, Dingri County, Tibetan Autonomous Region of China".ECOHEALTH 5.2(2008):104-114.
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