Fallow to forest: Applying indigenous and scientific knowledge of swidden cultivation to tropical forest restoration
Wangpakapattanawong, Prasit1; Kavinchan, Nuttira1; Vaidhayakarn, Chawapich1; Schmidt-Vogt, Dietrich2; Elliott, Stephen3
2010-09-15
发表期刊FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
ISSN0378-1127
卷号260期号:8页码:1399-1406
摘要Rotational swidden cultivation systems, with fallow periods long enough for the regeneration of secondary forests are capable of maintaining forest cover and plant diversity in a dynamic balance in swidden cultivation landscapes. Regeneration of secondary forests through several successional stages and by a combination of coppicing and seedling development is still poorly understood, especially the influence of different swiddening practices and the role of animals as seed dispersers. Swidden cultivators possess a vast knowledge of plants growing in swidden fallows and of fallow dynamics as well. Forest restoration in Thailand has been carried out mainly on the basis of experimental research on the potential of indigenous tree species to promote natural forest regeneration and biodiversity recovery; the so-called framework species. Another viable source of knowledge for forest restoration can be the study of the semi-natural revegetation processes in fallows and the indigenous knowledge of swiddeners of these processes. The research presented here was carried out to attain a better understanding of forest regeneration on fallow swiddens under different swiddening regimes and how it may be applied to practical forest restoration, We investigated the vegetation characteristics of from various stages of secondary succession in fallow swiddens of the Karen and Lawa ethnic groups in the Mae Chaem watershed, Chiang Mai province, northern Thailand. Indigenous knowledge on the use of species and traditional ecological processes in swiddening was recorded by questioning key informants. The data were analyzed and discussed with respect to their application in forest restoration and participatory forest management. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词Ethnobotany Northern Thailand Secondary Succession Swidden Cultivation Traditional Knowledge
资助信息This study was financially supported by a Royal Thai Government Grant for a RTG-Joint Research Project, Fiscal Year 2007 between the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), previous affiliation of the fourth author, and the Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University. The authors are grateful to Mr. Soontorn Saepan and the villagers of Ban Mae Hae Tai and Ban Hor, for their cooperation during fieldwork and Mr. James F. Maxwell for identifying tree and seedling species.
学科领域Forestry
DOI10.1016/j.foreco.2010.07.042
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Forestry
WOS类目Forestry
WOS记录号WOS:000282863800017
引用统计
被引频次:20[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/2355
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Chiang Mai Univ, Dept Biol, Fac Sci, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Mt Ecosyst Studies, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
3.Chiang Mai Univ, Forest Restorat Res Unit FORRU CMU, Dept Biol, Fac Sci, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
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Wangpakapattanawong, Prasit,Kavinchan, Nuttira,Vaidhayakarn, Chawapich,et al. Fallow to forest: Applying indigenous and scientific knowledge of swidden cultivation to tropical forest restoration[J]. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT,2010,260(8):1399-1406.
APA Wangpakapattanawong, Prasit,Kavinchan, Nuttira,Vaidhayakarn, Chawapich,Schmidt-Vogt, Dietrich,&Elliott, Stephen.(2010).Fallow to forest: Applying indigenous and scientific knowledge of swidden cultivation to tropical forest restoration.FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT,260(8),1399-1406.
MLA Wangpakapattanawong, Prasit,et al."Fallow to forest: Applying indigenous and scientific knowledge of swidden cultivation to tropical forest restoration".FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 260.8(2010):1399-1406.
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