Xia,CF (reprint author),Chinese Acad Sci,Kunming Inst Bot,State Key Lab Phytochem & Plant Resources West Ch,Kunming 650201,Yunnan,Peoples R China.
A copper-mediated cyclization and dimerization of tryptamine or tryptophan was developed to generate a C-2-symmetry C-3(sp(3))C-3(sp(3)) bridge with two contiguous stereogenic quaternary carbons in one step. Impressively, the ratio between exo and endo cyclization products varies when different protecting groups of Nb are utilized. This dimerization reaction could be conducted in gram scale. With this dimerization method, both endocyclotryptophan (+)-WIN 64821 and exocyclotryptophan (-)-ditryptophenaline were synthesized in 5 steps.