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题名: The sooty moulds
作者: Chomnunti, Putarak1, 2, 3; Hongsanan, Sinang2, 3; Aguirre-Hudson, Begona4; Tian, Qing2, 3; Persoh, Derek5; Dhami, Manpreet K.6; Alias, Aisyah S.7; Xu, Jianchu1, 11; Liu, Xingzhong8; Stadler, Marc9, 10; Hyde, Kevin D.1, 2, 3
刊名: FUNGAL DIVERSITY
出版日期: 2014-05-01
卷号: 66, 期号:1, 页码:1-36
关键词: Antibiotics ; Capnodiales ; Chaetothyriales ; Global warming ; Life cycle ; Phylogeny ; Xerophiles
学科分类: Mycology
DOI: 10.1007/s13225-014-0278-5
通讯作者: Wu, XD (reprint author), State Key Lab Phytochem & Plant Resources West Ch, 132 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China. ; wuxingde@mail.kib.ac.cn ; yadongkmmc@163.com
文章类型: Article
英文摘要: Sooty moulds are a remarkable, but poorly understood group of fungi. They coat fruits and leaves superficially with black mycelia, which reduces photosynthesis rates of host plants. Few researchers have, however, tried to quantify their economic importance. Sooty moulds have been well-studied at the morphological level, but they are poorly represented in a natural classification based on phylogeny. Representatives are presently known in Antennulariellaceae, Capnodiaceae, Chaetothyriaceae, Coccodiniaceae, Euantennariaceae, Metacapnodiaceae and Trichomeriaceae and several miscellaneous genera. However, molecular data is available for only five families. Most sooty mould colonies comprise numerous species and thus it is hard to confirm relationships between genera or sexual and asexual states. Future studies need to obtain single spore isolates of species to test their phylogenetic affinities and linkages between morphs. Next generation sequencing has shown sooty mould colonies to contain many more fungal species than expected, but it is not clear which species are dominant or active in the communities. They are more common in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions and thus their prevalence in temperate regions is likely to increase with global warming. Sooty moulds are rarely parasitized by fungicolous taxa and these may have biocontrol potential. They apparently grow in extreme environments and may be xerophilic. This needs testing as xerophilic taxa may be of interest for industrial applications. Sooty moulds grow on sugars and appear to out-compete typical "weed" fungi and bacteria. They may produce antibiotics for this purpose and their biochemical potential for obtaining novel bioactive compounds for medical application is underexplored.
类目[WOS]: Mycology
研究领域[WOS]: Mycology
关键词[WOS]: NEW-ZEALAND FUNGI ; SCANNING-ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY ; INTERNAL TRANSCRIBED SPACER ; SCALE INSECT HONEYDEW ; STRUCTURE ELUCIDATION ; PHYLOGENETIC TREES ; EPICOCCUM-NIGRUM ; BRONCHIAL-ASTHMA ; BEECH FOREST ; GENUS
收录类别: SCI
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000338140300001
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/18297
Appears in Collections:资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Biodivers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Mae Fah Luang Univ, Inst Excellence Fungal Res, Muang 57100, Chiang Rai, Thailand
3.Mae Fah Luang Univ, Sch Sci, Muang 57100, Chiang Rai, Thailand
4.Royal Bot Gardens, Jodrell Lab, Kew Richmond TW9 3DS, Surrey, England
5.Univ Bayreuth, Dept Mycol, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
6.Minist Primary Ind, Plant Hlth & Environm Lab, Auckland 1140, New Zealand
7.Univ Malaya, IOES, Inst Postgrad Studies Bldg, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
8.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Mycol, Inst Microbiol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
9.Helmholtz Ctr Infect Res, Dept Microbial Drugs, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany
10.Tech Univ Carolo Wilhelmina Braunschweig, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany
11.World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Chomnunti,Putarak;Hongsanan,Sinang;Aguirre-Hudson,Begona;Tian,Qing;Persoh,Derek;Dhami,Manpreet K.;Alias,Aisyah S.;Xu,Jianchu;Liu,Xingzhong;Stadler,Marc;Hyde,Kevin D..The sooty moulds,FUNGAL DIVERSITY,2014,66(1):1-36
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