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题名: Local Dynamics Driving Forest Transition: Insights from Upland Villages in Southwest China
作者: He, Jun1, 2; Lang, Rong3, 4; null(许建初)2
刊名: FORESTS
关键词: forest transition ; land use and cover change ; afforestation policy ; local institutions ; China
英文摘要: China has experienced extensive forest transition, from net deforestation to net forestation. Existing theories have highlighted economic growth, the intensification of agriculture and forest scarcity as the pathways of this transition, and studies, in particular from China, have also highlighted the contribution of a huge state afforestation program and the improved implementation and enforcement of forest protection policy and law. However, few studies have paid attention to local dynamics to provide a contextualized understanding of how forest transition has taken place at the local level and the significance of local factors in this change. This paper examines forest transition pathways in two villages in China. We consider the historical perspective and compare their local dynamics and variations to reach an understanding of the process of forest recovery at the local level. The results show that state forestry policies, including afforestation policy and tenure reform, arguably contribute to forest increase, while local processes including livelihood change and institutional factors play a key role in driving and shaping forest transition. We argue that there is a need for local-level studies and recommend including local institutions in forest transition analysis, contextualizing the socio-ecological interactions within the broader concept of political economy.
出版日期: 2014-02-01
卷号: 5, 期号:2, 页码:214-233
DOI标识: 10.3390/f5020214
语种: 英语
ISSN号: 1999-4907
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/18155
Appears in Collections:资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Yunnan Agr Univ, Coll Econ & Management, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
2.ICRAF China & East Asia Node, World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
3.Univ Hohenheim, Inst Plant Prod & Agroecol Trop & Subtrop, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany
4.Kunming Inst Bot, Ctr Mt Ecosyst Studies, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
He,Jun;Lang,Rong;Xu,Jianchu.Local Dynamics Driving Forest Transition: Insights from Upland Villages in Southwest China,FORESTS,2014,5(2):214-233
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