Increasing tree cover while losing diverse natural forests in tropical Hainan, China
Zhai, De-Li1,2,3; Xu, Jian-Chu1,2; Dai, Zhi-Cong4; Cannon, Charles H.3,5; Grumbine, R. E.1,2
2014-04-01
发表期刊REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE
ISSN1436-3798
卷号14期号:2页码:611-621
摘要To protect biodiversity and improve environmental conditions, China has invested billions of dollars in reforestation and payments for ecosystem service programs. Here, we examine the Sloping Land Conversion Program, the largest such program in the world and found that after 13 years of implementation at our study site, it has had negative impacts on natural tropical forests. GIS and remote sensing techniques revealed that both natural forests and natural shrub and grasslands were replaced by non-native monocultural plantations on Hainan Island, China, a key tropical biodiversity hotspot. Under current Chinese policy, these plantations are classified simply as "forests", with the assumption that they are equivalent to natural forests. This lack of a distinction in forest quality has led to substantial deforestation and plantation expansion, including encroachment into protected areas on Hainan. Additional social and economic drivers of these changes were identified by examining the participants in this program and their actions. Without a new ecologically based definition of forests and new goals for reforestation, such programs designed to improve ecosystem services, and forest quality may actually threaten remaining natural forests and other vegetation types in Hainan and in other areas of mainland China.
关键词Forest Restoration Programs Sloping Land Conversion Program Deforestation Rubber Plantation Monoculture Pulp Plantation
资助信息Chinese Academy of Sciences
学科领域Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
DOI10.1007/s10113-013-0512-9
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000333267700014
引用统计
被引频次:26[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/18065
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Kunming Inst Bot CAS, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Heilongtan 650201, Kunming, Peoples R China
2.World Agroforestry Ctr, China & East Asia Node, Heilongtan 650201, Kunming, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Menglun 666303, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Jiangsu Univ, Sch,Environm & Safety Engn, Zhenjiang 212013, Peoples R China
5.Texas Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA
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GB/T 7714
Zhai, De-Li,Xu, Jian-Chu,Dai, Zhi-Cong,et al. Increasing tree cover while losing diverse natural forests in tropical Hainan, China[J]. REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,2014,14(2):611-621.
APA Zhai, De-Li,Xu, Jian-Chu,Dai, Zhi-Cong,Cannon, Charles H.,&Grumbine, R. E..(2014).Increasing tree cover while losing diverse natural forests in tropical Hainan, China.REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,14(2),611-621.
MLA Zhai, De-Li,et al."Increasing tree cover while losing diverse natural forests in tropical Hainan, China".REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE 14.2(2014):611-621.
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