Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge
Kai, Zhang1,2; Woan, Teoh Shu1,3; Jie, Li1,4; Goodale, Eben5; Kitajima, Kaoru6; Bagchi, Robert7; Harrison, Rhett D.8,9
摘要The value of local ecological knowledge (LEK) to conservation is increasingly recognised, but LEK is being rapidly lost as indigenous livelihoods change. Biodiversity loss is also a driver of the loss of LEK, but quantitative study is lacking. In our study landscape in SW China, a large proportion of species have been extirpated. Hence, we were interested to understand whether species extirpation might have led to an erosion of LEK and the implications this might have for conservation. So we investigated peoples' ability to name a selection of birds and mammals in their local language from pictures. Age was correlated to frequency of forest visits as a teenager and is likely to be closely correlated to other known drivers of the loss of LEK, such as declining forest dependence. We found men were better at identifying birds overall and that older people were better able to identify birds to the species as compared to group levels (approximately equivalent to genus). The effect of age was also stronger among women. However, after controlling for these factors, species abundance was by far the most important parameter in determining peoples' ability to name birds. People were unable to name any locally extirpated birds at the species level. However, contrary to expectations, people were better able to identify extirpated mammals at the species level than extant ones. However, extirpated mammals tend to be more charismatic species and several respondents indicated they were only familiar with them through TV documentaries. Younger people today cannot experience the sights and sounds of forest animals that their parents grew up with and, consequently, knowledge of these species is passing from cultural memory. We suggest that engaging older members of the community and linking the preservation of LEK to biodiversity conservation may help generate support for conservation.
关键词Indigenous Knowledge Southwest China Classification-system Biological Diversity General-principles Plant Diversity Bird Diversity Folk Biology Conservation Biodiversity
资助信息Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical [G 299 arden]; World Agroforestry Institute (ICRAF, East Asia node) Kunming Office; Key Laboratory for Tropical Forest Ecology (XTBG)
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Program Field Studies Trop Asia, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, ECEC, State Key Lab Genet Resources & Evolut, Inst Zool, Kunming, Peoples R China
3.Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Danau Girang Field Ctr, Sandakan, Malaysia
4.Bulong Nat Reserve, Jinghong, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Peoples R China
6.Univ Florida, Dept Bot, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA
7.Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Ecosyst Management Grp, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Zurich, Switzerland
8.Chinese Acad Sci, CMES, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming, Peoples R China
9.East Asia Node, World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming, Peoples R China
GB/T 7714
Kai, Zhang,Woan, Teoh Shu,Jie, Li,et al. Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge[J]. PLOS ONE,2014,9(1):e86598.
APA Kai, Zhang.,Woan, Teoh Shu.,Jie, Li.,Goodale, Eben.,Kitajima, Kaoru.,...&Harrison, Rhett D..(2014).Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge.PLOS ONE,9(1),e86598.
MLA Kai, Zhang,et al."Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge".PLOS ONE 9.1(2014):e86598.
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
Kai-2014-Shifting Ba(296KB) 开放获取CC BY-NC-SA请求全文
[Kai, Zhang]的文章
[Woan, Teoh Shu]的文章
[Jie, Li]的文章
[Kai, Zhang]的文章
[Woan, Teoh Shu]的文章
[Jie, Li]的文章
[Kai, Zhang]的文章
[Woan, Teoh Shu]的文章
[Jie, Li]的文章
所有评论 (0)