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题名: Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge
作者: Kai, Zhang1, 2; Woan, Teoh Shu1, 3; Jie, Li1, 4; Goodale, Eben5; Kitajima, Kaoru6; Bagchi, Robert7; Harrison, Rhett D.8, 9
刊名: PLOS ONE
关键词: INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE ; SOUTHWEST CHINA ; CLASSIFICATION-SYSTEM ; BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY ; GENERAL-PRINCIPLES ; PLANT DIVERSITY ; BIRD DIVERSITY ; FOLK BIOLOGY ; CONSERVATION ; BIODIVERSITY
英文摘要: The value of local ecological knowledge (LEK) to conservation is increasingly recognised, but LEK is being rapidly lost as indigenous livelihoods change. Biodiversity loss is also a driver of the loss of LEK, but quantitative study is lacking. In our study landscape in SW China, a large proportion of species have been extirpated. Hence, we were interested to understand whether species extirpation might have led to an erosion of LEK and the implications this might have for conservation. So we investigated peoples' ability to name a selection of birds and mammals in their local language from pictures. Age was correlated to frequency of forest visits as a teenager and is likely to be closely correlated to other known drivers of the loss of LEK, such as declining forest dependence. We found men were better at identifying birds overall and that older people were better able to identify birds to the species as compared to group levels (approximately equivalent to genus). The effect of age was also stronger among women. However, after controlling for these factors, species abundance was by far the most important parameter in determining peoples' ability to name birds. People were unable to name any locally extirpated birds at the species level. However, contrary to expectations, people were better able to identify extirpated mammals at the species level than extant ones. However, extirpated mammals tend to be more charismatic species and several respondents indicated they were only familiar with them through TV documentaries. Younger people today cannot experience the sights and sounds of forest animals that their parents grew up with and, consequently, knowledge of these species is passing from cultural memory. We suggest that engaging older members of the community and linking the preservation of LEK to biodiversity conservation may help generate support for conservation.
出版日期: 2014-01-21
卷号: 9, 期号:1, 页码:e86598
语种: 英语
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
学科分类: Multidisciplinary Sciences
ISSN号: 1932-6203
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/17989
Appears in Collections:资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Program Field Studies Trop Asia, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, ECEC, State Key Lab Genet Resources & Evolut, Inst Zool, Kunming, Peoples R China
3.Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Danau Girang Field Ctr, Sandakan, Malaysia
4.Bulong Nat Reserve, Jinghong, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Peoples R China
6.Univ Florida, Dept Bot, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA
7.Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Ecosyst Management Grp, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Zurich, Switzerland
8.Chinese Acad Sci, CMES, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming, Peoples R China
9.East Asia Node, World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Kai,Zhang;Woan,Teoh Shu;Jie,Li;Goodale,Eben;Kitajima,Kaoru;Bagchi,Robert;Harrison,Rhett D.*.Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge,PLOS ONE,2014,9(1):e86598
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