Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge
Kai, Zhang1,2; Woan, Teoh Shu1,3; Jie, Li1,4; Goodale, Eben5; Kitajima, Kaoru6; Bagchi, Robert7; Harrison, Rhett D.8,9
2014-01-21
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
卷号9期号:1页码:e86598
摘要The value of local ecological knowledge (LEK) to conservation is increasingly recognised, but LEK is being rapidly lost as indigenous livelihoods change. Biodiversity loss is also a driver of the loss of LEK, but quantitative study is lacking. In our study landscape in SW China, a large proportion of species have been extirpated. Hence, we were interested to understand whether species extirpation might have led to an erosion of LEK and the implications this might have for conservation. So we investigated peoples' ability to name a selection of birds and mammals in their local language from pictures. Age was correlated to frequency of forest visits as a teenager and is likely to be closely correlated to other known drivers of the loss of LEK, such as declining forest dependence. We found men were better at identifying birds overall and that older people were better able to identify birds to the species as compared to group levels (approximately equivalent to genus). The effect of age was also stronger among women. However, after controlling for these factors, species abundance was by far the most important parameter in determining peoples' ability to name birds. People were unable to name any locally extirpated birds at the species level. However, contrary to expectations, people were better able to identify extirpated mammals at the species level than extant ones. However, extirpated mammals tend to be more charismatic species and several respondents indicated they were only familiar with them through TV documentaries. Younger people today cannot experience the sights and sounds of forest animals that their parents grew up with and, consequently, knowledge of these species is passing from cultural memory. We suggest that engaging older members of the community and linking the preservation of LEK to biodiversity conservation may help generate support for conservation.
关键词Indigenous Knowledge Southwest China Classification-system Biological Diversity General-principles Plant Diversity Bird Diversity Folk Biology Conservation Biodiversity
资助信息Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical [G 299 arden]; World Agroforestry Institute (ICRAF, East Asia node) Kunming Office; Key Laboratory for Tropical Forest Ecology (XTBG)
学科领域Multidisciplinary Sciences
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0086598
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000330244500262
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/17989
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Program Field Studies Trop Asia, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, ECEC, State Key Lab Genet Resources & Evolut, Inst Zool, Kunming, Peoples R China
3.Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Danau Girang Field Ctr, Sandakan, Malaysia
4.Bulong Nat Reserve, Jinghong, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Peoples R China
6.Univ Florida, Dept Bot, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA
7.Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Ecosyst Management Grp, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Zurich, Switzerland
8.Chinese Acad Sci, CMES, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming, Peoples R China
9.East Asia Node, World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Kai, Zhang,Woan, Teoh Shu,Jie, Li,et al. Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge[J]. PLOS ONE,2014,9(1):e86598.
APA Kai, Zhang.,Woan, Teoh Shu.,Jie, Li.,Goodale, Eben.,Kitajima, Kaoru.,...&Harrison, Rhett D..(2014).Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge.PLOS ONE,9(1),e86598.
MLA Kai, Zhang,et al."Shifting Baselines on a Tropical Forest Frontier: Extirpations Drive Declines in Local Ecological Knowledge".PLOS ONE 9.1(2014):e86598.
条目包含的文件
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
Kai-2014-Shifting Ba(296KB) 开放获取CC BY-NC-SA请求全文
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Kai, Zhang]的文章
[Woan, Teoh Shu]的文章
[Jie, Li]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Kai, Zhang]的文章
[Woan, Teoh Shu]的文章
[Jie, Li]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Kai, Zhang]的文章
[Woan, Teoh Shu]的文章
[Jie, Li]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。