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Using Habitat Characteristics to Predict Faunal Diversity in Tropical Production Forests
Lam, Tzeng Yih1; Fletcher, Christine2; Ramage, Benjamin S.1; Doll, Hannah M.1; Joann, C. Luruthusamy2; Nur-Zati, A. Mustafa3; Butod, Elizabeth2; Kassim, Abdul R.2; Harrison, Rhett D.4,5; Potts, Matthew D.1
Corresponding AuthorLam,TY (reprint author),Univ Calif Berkeley,Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management,Berkeley,CA 94720 USA. ;
Source PublicationBIOTROPICA
AbstractBiodiversity conservation in managed tropical forests is becoming increasingly important as forest area continues to decline. Accordingly, there is growing interest in developing conservation-driven silvicultural prescriptions and identifying indicator habitat metrics (similar to indicator taxa) that could be easily assessed via routine vegetation sampling. Successfully achieving these goals, however, requires an understanding of how habitat characteristics affect biodiversity. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between the species diversity of three taxa (ants, insectivorous bats, and dung beetles) and the habitat characteristics of hill dipterocarp production forests. We sampled both within (three samples) and adjacent to (six samples) six Virgin Jungle Reserves distributed throughout Peninsular Malaysia, and related habitat predictors to univariate diversity metrics (species richness and Shannon diversity) as well as multivariate compositional metrics. We found that influential predictors and directional effects differed across taxa. Ant diversity was most affected by stand density and canopy cover, and positively associated with both. Bat diversity was most strongly linked to primary forest area, with smaller reserves harboring greater bat diversity. Dung beetles were most affected by canopy cover and elevation, with greater diversity at lower elevation and with less canopy cover. Our multivariate analyses did not reveal any strong relationships between species composition and habitat variables. Overall, our results provide evidence that tropical forest structure is associated with biodiversity, but also suggest that it will be difficult to identify a single silvicultural prescription or landscape management strategy to maximize the diversity of all three taxa simultaneously.
KeywordBiodiversity Enhancement Conservation Habitat Association Moist Tropical Forests Peninsular Malaysia Stand Management Structural Diversity
Subject AreaEcology
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEcology
WOS IDWOS:000329289900007
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
2.Forest Res Inst Malaysia, Forestry & Environm Div, Kepong 52109, Selangor, Malaysia
3.Forest Res Inst Malaysia, Forest Biodivers Div, Kepong 52109, Selangor, Malaysia
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
5.East Asia Off, World Agroforestry Inst, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lam, Tzeng Yih,Fletcher, Christine,Ramage, Benjamin S.,et al. Using Habitat Characteristics to Predict Faunal Diversity in Tropical Production Forests[J]. BIOTROPICA,2014,46(1):50-57.
APA Lam, Tzeng Yih.,Fletcher, Christine.,Ramage, Benjamin S..,Doll, Hannah M..,Joann, C. Luruthusamy.,...&Potts, Matthew D..(2014).Using Habitat Characteristics to Predict Faunal Diversity in Tropical Production Forests.BIOTROPICA,46(1),50-57.
MLA Lam, Tzeng Yih,et al."Using Habitat Characteristics to Predict Faunal Diversity in Tropical Production Forests".BIOTROPICA 46.1(2014):50-57.
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