Decentralization of Tree Seedling Supply Systems for Afforestation in the West of Yunnan Province, China
He, Jun1,2,3; Yang, Hai1,2; Jamnadass, Ramni4; Xu, Jianchu1,2; Yang, Yongping
2012-06-01
发表期刊SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY
ISSN1873-7617
卷号11期号:2页码:147-166
摘要At present, China has the highest afforestation rate of any country or region in the world, with 47,000 km(2) of tree plantations undertaken in 2008. While the prominent role of the central government's afforestation programs is well-known, little is understood of how the system of tree seedling production and distribution supports afforestation efforts. More importantly, little attention is paid to how small-scale farmers access high quality tree germplasm in the afforestation programs. This paper examines the seedling supply system in the west of Yunnan Province in China by focusing on the three types of tree nurseries (state, collective and individual) that are being operated for the development of smallholder forestry especially in the context of decentralization. The research reveals that forestry decentralization has provided support for smallholder access to high quality planting materials and improved the effectiveness of nursery management. The reform has enabled the engagement of various forms of nurseries and created a hybrid system of state nursery operations. However, the state monopoly over the major seedling supply system using its inherent technical, market, policy and institutional advantages has limited the development of small-scale nurseries. The policy implication of this research is that improvements to the governance structure in the supply system of tree seedling may require more investment in nursery techniques, market information and provision of incentives to enhance small-scale nurseries and to contribute to seedling production.
关键词Smallholder Forest-dependants Forest Tenure Reform Sloping Land Conversion Tree Germplasm Nursery Certification
资助信息This study has been financially supported by the MISEREOR grant 'Facilitating Community Driven Sustainable Development' and the Global Research Priority (GRP1) of the World Agroforestry Centre as well as Ford Foundation, Beijing. It is also part of first author's PhD research on Forestry Decentralization at the University of East Anglia. Particular thanks go to local farmers in Boashan, nursery operators and forest officials for providing their time, information and insights to make this paper informative and useful. Huafang Chen's assistance with mapping and editing by Noel Rajesh are acknowledged. The early version of this manuscript has benefited from the comments by Steve Harrison.
学科领域Forestry
DOI10.1007/s11842-011-9176-9
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Forestry
WOS类目Forestry
WOS记录号WOS:000304097900001
引用统计
被引频次:9[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/17627
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Kunming Inst Bot, Ctr Mt Ecosyst Studies, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
2.ICRAF China & E Asia Node, World Agroforestry Ctr, Heilongtan 650204, Kunming, Peoples R China
3.Univ E Anglia, Sch Int Dev, Norwich NR4 7TJ, Norfolk, England
4.ICRAF, World Agroforestry Ctr, Nairobi, Kenya
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He, Jun,Yang, Hai,Jamnadass, Ramni,et al. Decentralization of Tree Seedling Supply Systems for Afforestation in the West of Yunnan Province, China[J]. SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY,2012,11(2):147-166.
APA He, Jun,Yang, Hai,Jamnadass, Ramni,Xu, Jianchu,&Yang, Yongping.(2012).Decentralization of Tree Seedling Supply Systems for Afforestation in the West of Yunnan Province, China.SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY,11(2),147-166.
MLA He, Jun,et al."Decentralization of Tree Seedling Supply Systems for Afforestation in the West of Yunnan Province, China".SMALL-SCALE FORESTRY 11.2(2012):147-166.
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