Effects of Vegetation Restoration on Soil Conservation and Sediment Loads in China: A Critical Review
Ran, Lishan1; Lu, Xixi1; Xu, Jianchu2,3
2013
发表期刊CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ISSN1064-3389
卷号43期号:13页码:1384-1415
摘要China has been one of the countries suffering from the most serious soil erosion, which has severely degraded soil productivity and water quality, thus affecting agricultural activities and hindering economic and social development. During the past few decades, a large amount of effort has been made to combat soil erosion. Vegetation restoration as a major strategy is given equal importance compared to engineering measures. Although a measure of success has been achieved, many uncertainties remain unanswered such as to what extent the vegetation restoration has reduced soil erosion and sediment loads especially in large river systems. This paper first analyzes the impacts of vegetation restoration on soil erosion and sediment loads in terms of vegetation cover and vegetation species. Then, the spatial scale effect of soil erosion reduction benefit resulting from vegetation restoration is elaborated. Soil erosion reduction benefit decreases with increased vegetation planting area. In addition, a comprehensive discussion about the disputes between vegetation restoration and engineering measures is made by integrating published studies spanning large spatial and temporal scales. Finally, future research needs regarding vegetation restoration efforts are given. In order to evaluate the effects of vegetation restoration programs on soil erosion, assessments in shorter time interval and larger spatial scale should be undertaken. Further, the present assessment system mainly based on simple statistical methods has to be improved. Specific areas demanding immediate attention, including the western China in general and the upper Yangtze River basin in particular, are highlighted as well. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology to view the supplemental file.
关键词China Sediment Load Soil And Water Conservation Soil Erosion Reduction Benefit Vegetation Restoration
资助信息Ministry of Education, Singapore [MOE2011-T2-1-101]; Rights and Resources Initiative, part of the Global Research Priority (GRP6) of the World Agroforestry Centre
学科领域Environmental Sciences
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS类目Environmental Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000318731700003
引用统计
被引频次:13[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/16621
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Geog, Singapore 117570, Singapore
2.China Off, World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Kunming Inst Bot, Ctr Mt Ecosyst Studies, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Ran, Lishan,Lu, Xixi,Xu, Jianchu. Effects of Vegetation Restoration on Soil Conservation and Sediment Loads in China: A Critical Review[J]. CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,2013,43(13):1384-1415.
APA Ran, Lishan,Lu, Xixi,&Xu, Jianchu.(2013).Effects of Vegetation Restoration on Soil Conservation and Sediment Loads in China: A Critical Review.CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,43(13),1384-1415.
MLA Ran, Lishan,et al."Effects of Vegetation Restoration on Soil Conservation and Sediment Loads in China: A Critical Review".CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 43.13(2013):1384-1415.
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