Prized edible Asian mushrooms: ecology, conservation and sustainability
Mortimer, Peter E.1,2; Karunarathna, Samantha C.3,4,5; Li, Qiaohong1,6; Gui, Heng1,3,4; Yang, Xueqing; Yang, Xuefei; He, Jun1,6; Ye, Lei1,3,4; Guo, Jiayu2; Li, Huili3,4; Sysouphanthong, Phongeun3,4,5; Zhou, Dequn7; Xu, Jianchu1; Hyde, Kevin D.3,4,5
2012-09-01
发表期刊FUNGAL DIVERSITY
ISSN1560-2745
卷号56期号:1页码:31-47
摘要Mushrooms can be found in forests worldwide and have long been exploited as resources in developed economies because of their important agro-industrial, medicinal and commercial uses. For less developed countries, such as those within the Greater Mekong Subregion, wild harvesting and mushroom cultivation provides a much-needed alternative source of income for rural households. However, this has led to over-harvesting and ultimately environmental degradation in certain areas, thus management guidelines allowing for a more sustained approach to the use of wild mushrooms is required. This article addresses a selection of the most popular and highly sought after edible mushrooms from Greater Mekong Subregion: Astraeus hygrometricus, Boletus edulis, Morchella conica, Ophiocordyceps sinensis, Phlebopus portentosus, Pleurotus giganteus, Termitomyces eurhizus, Thelephora ganbajun, Tricholoma matsuake, and Tuber indicum in terms of value, ecology and conservation. The greatest threat to these and many other mushroom species is that of habitat loss and over-harvesting of wild stocks, thus, by creating awareness of these issues we wish to enable a more sustainable use of these natural products. Thus our paper provides baseline data for these fungi so that future monitoring can establish the effects of continued harvesting on mushroom populations and the related host species.
关键词Mushroom Species Greater Mekong Sub-region Medicinal Foods Non-timber Forest Products
资助信息CGIAR Research Program 6 on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry-Mekong Sentinel Landscapes; Thailand Research Fund (TRF) [BRG5580009]; Mae Fah Luang University [MFU/54 1 01 02 00 48]
收录类别SCI
语种英语
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/15668
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
3.Mae Fah Luang Univ, Inst Excellence Fungal Res, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
4.Mae Fah Luang Univ, Sch Sci, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
5.Mushroom Res Fdn, A Mae Taeng 57100, Chiang Mai, Thailand
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Mt Ecosyst Studies, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
7.Kunming Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Environm Sci & Engn, Kunming 650093, Yunnan Province, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Mortimer, Peter E.,Karunarathna, Samantha C.,Li, Qiaohong,et al. Prized edible Asian mushrooms: ecology, conservation and sustainability[J]. FUNGAL DIVERSITY,2012,56(1):31-47.
APA Mortimer, Peter E..,Karunarathna, Samantha C..,Li, Qiaohong.,Gui, Heng.,Yang, Xueqing.,...&Hyde, Kevin D..(2012).Prized edible Asian mushrooms: ecology, conservation and sustainability.FUNGAL DIVERSITY,56(1),31-47.
MLA Mortimer, Peter E.,et al."Prized edible Asian mushrooms: ecology, conservation and sustainability".FUNGAL DIVERSITY 56.1(2012):31-47.
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