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题名: Climate Change Adaptation Among Tibetan Pastoralists: Challenges in Enhancing Local Adaptation Through Policy Support
作者: Fu, Yao2, 3; Grumbine, R. Edward2; Wilkes, Andreas4, 5; Wang, Yun6; null(许建初)7; Yang Yongping(杨永平)1
刊名: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
关键词: Tibetan Plateau ; Pastoral community ; Local ecological knowledge ; Climate ; Change adaptation
英文摘要: While researchers are aware that a mix of Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK), community-based resource management institutions, and higher-level institutions and policies can facilitate pastoralists' adaptation to climate change, policy makers have been slow to understand these linkages. Two critical issues are to what extent these factors play a role, and how to enhance local adaptation through government support. We investigated these issues through a case study of two pastoral communities on the Tibetan Plateau in China employing an analytical framework to understand local climate adaptation processes. We concluded that LEK and community-based institutions improve adaptation outcomes for Tibetan pastoralists through shaping and mobilizing resource availability to reduce risks. Higher-level institutions and policies contribute by providing resources from outside communities. There are dynamic interrelationships among these factors that can lead to support, conflict, and fragmentation. Government policy could enhance local adaptation through improvement of supportive relationships among these factors. While central government policies allow only limited room for overt integration of local knowledge/institutions, local governments often have some flexibility to buffer conflicts. In addition, government policies to support market-based economic development have greatly benefited adaptation outcomes for pastoralists. Overall, in China, there are still questions over how to create innovative institutions that blend LEK and community-based institutions with government policy making.
出版日期: 2012-10-01
卷号: 50, 期号:4, 页码:607-621
语种: 英语
收录类别: SCI ; SSCI
ISSN号: 0364-152X
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/15654
Appears in Collections:资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Ctr Mt Ecosyst Serv, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
5.World Agroforestry Ctr, Beijing Off, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res Kunming, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
7.World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Fu, Yao; Grumbine, R. Edward; Wilkes, Andreas; Wang, Yun; Xu, Jian-Chu; Yang, Yong-Ping.Climate Change Adaptation Among Tibetan Pastoralists: Challenges in Enhancing Local Adaptation Through Policy Support,ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,2012,50(4):607-621
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