Climate Change Adaptation Among Tibetan Pastoralists: Challenges in Enhancing Local Adaptation Through Policy Support
Fu, Yao2,3; Grumbine, R. Edward2; Wilkes, Andreas4,5; Wang, Yun6; Xu, Jian-Chu7; Yang, Yong-Ping1
2012-10-01
发表期刊ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ISSN0364-152X
卷号50期号:4页码:607-621
摘要While researchers are aware that a mix of Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK), community-based resource management institutions, and higher-level institutions and policies can facilitate pastoralists' adaptation to climate change, policy makers have been slow to understand these linkages. Two critical issues are to what extent these factors play a role, and how to enhance local adaptation through government support. We investigated these issues through a case study of two pastoral communities on the Tibetan Plateau in China employing an analytical framework to understand local climate adaptation processes. We concluded that LEK and community-based institutions improve adaptation outcomes for Tibetan pastoralists through shaping and mobilizing resource availability to reduce risks. Higher-level institutions and policies contribute by providing resources from outside communities. There are dynamic interrelationships among these factors that can lead to support, conflict, and fragmentation. Government policy could enhance local adaptation through improvement of supportive relationships among these factors. While central government policies allow only limited room for overt integration of local knowledge/institutions, local governments often have some flexibility to buffer conflicts. In addition, government policies to support market-based economic development have greatly benefited adaptation outcomes for pastoralists. Overall, in China, there are still questions over how to create innovative institutions that blend LEK and community-based institutions with government policy making.
关键词Tibetan Plateau Pastoral Community Local Ecological Knowledge Climate Change Adaptation
资助信息Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA05130702]; Ford Foundation [1075-0729, 1090-0448]
DOI10.1007/s00267-012-9918-2
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS类目Environmental Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000308652800009
引用统计
被引频次:19[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/15654
专题资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Ctr Mt Ecosyst Serv, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
5.World Agroforestry Ctr, Beijing Off, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res Kunming, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
7.World Agroforestry Ctr, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
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Fu, Yao,Grumbine, R. Edward,Wilkes, Andreas,et al. Climate Change Adaptation Among Tibetan Pastoralists: Challenges in Enhancing Local Adaptation Through Policy Support[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,2012,50(4):607-621.
APA Fu, Yao,Grumbine, R. Edward,Wilkes, Andreas,Wang, Yun,Xu, Jian-Chu,&Yang, Yong-Ping.(2012).Climate Change Adaptation Among Tibetan Pastoralists: Challenges in Enhancing Local Adaptation Through Policy Support.ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,50(4),607-621.
MLA Fu, Yao,et al."Climate Change Adaptation Among Tibetan Pastoralists: Challenges in Enhancing Local Adaptation Through Policy Support".ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 50.4(2012):607-621.
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