KIB OpenIR  > 中国科学院青藏高原研究所昆明部
Role of transgenic plants in agriculture and biopharming
Ahmad, Parvaiz1; Ashraf, Muhammad2,6; Younis, Muhammad3; Hu, Xiangyang5; Kumar, Ashwani4; Akram, Nudrat Aisha2; Al-Qurainy, F.6
2012-05-01
发表期刊BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES
ISSN0734-9750
卷号30期号:3页码:524-540
摘要At present, environmental degradation and the consistently growing population are two main problems on the planet earth. Fulfilling the needs of this growing population is quite difficult from the limited arable land available on the globe. Although there are legal, social and political barriers to the utilization of biotechnology, advances in this field have substantially improved agriculture and human life to a great extent. One of the vital tools of biotechnology is genetic engineering (GE) which is used to modify plants, animals and microorganisms according to desired needs. In fact, genetic engineering facilitates the transfer of desired characteristics into other plants which is not possible through conventional plant breeding. A variety of crops have been engineered for enhanced resistance to a multitude of stresses such as herbicides, insecticides, viruses and a combination of biotic and abiotic stresses in different crops including rice, mustard, maize, potato, tomato, etc. Apart from the use of GE in agriculture, it is being extensively employed to modify the plants for enhanced production of vaccines, hormones, etc. Vaccines against certain diseases are certainly available in the market, but most of them are very costly. Developing countries cannot afford the disease control through such cost-intensive vaccines. Alternatively, efforts are being made to produce edible vaccines which are cheap and have many advantages over the commercialized vaccines. Transgenic plants generated for this purpose are capable of expressing recombinant proteins including viral and bacterial antigens and antibodies. Common food plants like banana, tomato, rice, carrot, etc. have been used to produce vaccines against certain diseases like hepatitis B, cholera, HIV, etc. Thus, the up- and down-regulation of desired genes which are used for the modification of plants have a marked role in the improvement of genetic crops. In this review, we have comprehensively discussed the role of genetic engineering in generating transgenic lines/cultivars of different crops with improved nutrient quality, biofuel production, enhanced production of vaccines and antibodies, increased resistance against insects, herbicides, diseases and abiotic stresses as well as the safety measures for their commercialization. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
关键词Biopharming Transgenics Stress Tolerance Antibodies Vaccines
学科领域Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
DOI10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.09.006
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
WOS类目Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
WOS记录号WOS:000301901500005
引用统计
被引频次:83[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/10339
专题中国科学院青藏高原研究所昆明部
作者单位1.Univ Kashmir, AS Coll, Dept Bot, Srinagar 190008, Jammu & Kashmir, India
2.Univ Agr Faisalabad, Dept Bot, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3.IIT, Dept Biotechnol, New Delhi 110016, India
4.IIT, CRDT, Biochem Lab, New Delhi 110016, India
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Inst Tibet Plateau Res,Kunming, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
6.King Saud Univ, Dept Bot & Microbiol, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Ahmad, Parvaiz,Ashraf, Muhammad,Younis, Muhammad,et al. Role of transgenic plants in agriculture and biopharming[J]. BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES,2012,30(3):524-540.
APA Ahmad, Parvaiz.,Ashraf, Muhammad.,Younis, Muhammad.,Hu, Xiangyang.,Kumar, Ashwani.,...&Al-Qurainy, F..(2012).Role of transgenic plants in agriculture and biopharming.BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES,30(3),524-540.
MLA Ahmad, Parvaiz,et al."Role of transgenic plants in agriculture and biopharming".BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCES 30.3(2012):524-540.
条目包含的文件
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
Ahmad-2012-Role of t(399KB) 开放获取--请求全文
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Ahmad, Parvaiz]的文章
[Ashraf, Muhammad]的文章
[Younis, Muhammad]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Ahmad, Parvaiz]的文章
[Ashraf, Muhammad]的文章
[Younis, Muhammad]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Ahmad, Parvaiz]的文章
[Ashraf, Muhammad]的文章
[Younis, Muhammad]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。