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Island blues: indigenous knowledge of indigo-yielding plant species used by Hainan Miao and Li dyers on Hainan Island, China
Zhang, Libin1,2; Wang, Lu1,2; Cunningham, Anthony B.1,3; Shi, Yuru1,2; Wang, Yuhua1
Corresponding AuthorWang, Yuhua(wangyuhua@mail.kib.ac.cn)
2019-07-03
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE
ISSN1746-4269
Volume15Pages:9
AbstractBackgroundHistorically, indigo-yielding plant species were important cash crops from Central Asia to the southern United States and Central America. Indigo-dyed textiles were widely traded along the legendary Silk Road that linked China to Europe. Today, due to the labor-intensive nature of indigo extraction at the household level, lifestyle changes and the widespread availability of commercially produced indigo paste, traditional indigo extraction methods have declined in villages. Yet Li textile weavers on Hainan Island are internationally recognized as producers of indigo-dyed textile using warp ikat techniques. In contrast, Hainan Miao weavers produce indigo-dyed textiles using batik (wax resist) techniques. The aim of this study was to document the indigenous knowledge on indigo-yielding plant species used by both Hainan Miao and Li people on Hainan Island, China.MethodEthnic uses were documented during three field surveys, through a questionnaire survey of 193 respondents, comprising 144 Hainan Miao and 49 Li traditional dyers. Mention index (QI), Availability index (AI), and Preference ranking (PR) of each indigo-yielding plant species were calculated to screen out plant resources with potential development value.ResultsFive indigo-yielding plant species (from four plant families and four genera) were historically used by Hainan Miao and Li dyers. However, just four species are still in use. Strobilanthes cusia was the main indigo source for Hainan Miao dyers. Li dyers also commonly use Indigofera species (I. tinctoria and I. suffruticosa) for indigo extraction. Wrightia laevis is less commonly used as a contemporary indigo source. Indigo extraction by steeping in water to which lime is added to increase the pH is sharing by the five indigo-yielding plant species. Strobilanthes cusia had the highest QI, AI and PR values in Hainan Miao villages. Indigofera tinctoria had the highest QI and AI values, but Indigofera suffruticosa was preferred by Li dyers.ConclusionIn the process of modernization and urbanization, someHainan Miao and Li dyers retain the traditional indigo extraction methods. We found that Strobilanthes cusia and Indigofera tinctoria have the most potential for sustainable indigo production in the future. Furthermore, this study documents the details of extraction method from Wrightia laevis for the first time and the use of Ricinus communis seeds in that process. As one of the last places globally where Wrightia laevis is still used for indigo production, the may also be a nice market among textile collectors and museums that keeps the tradition of Wrightia laevis production and use for indigo extraction alive.
KeywordIndigo-yielding plant species Indigo extraction methods Ethnobotanical survey Hainan Miao nationality Li nationality Hainan Island
DOI10.1186/s13002-019-0314-3
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Plant Sciences ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Plant Sciences ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy
WOS IDWOS:000474419300001
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/67893
Collection资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Yuhua
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Yunnan Key Lab Wild Plant Resources, Dept Econ Plants & Biotechnol, 132 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Murdoch Univ, Sch Vet & Life Sci, 90 South St, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
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Zhang, Libin,Wang, Lu,Cunningham, Anthony B.,et al. Island blues: indigenous knowledge of indigo-yielding plant species used by Hainan Miao and Li dyers on Hainan Island, China[J]. JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,2019,15:9.
APA Zhang, Libin,Wang, Lu,Cunningham, Anthony B.,Shi, Yuru,&Wang, Yuhua.(2019).Island blues: indigenous knowledge of indigo-yielding plant species used by Hainan Miao and Li dyers on Hainan Island, China.JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,15,9.
MLA Zhang, Libin,et al."Island blues: indigenous knowledge of indigo-yielding plant species used by Hainan Miao and Li dyers on Hainan Island, China".JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE 15(2019):9.
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