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Climbing the mountain fast but smart: Modelling rubber tree growth and latex yield under climate change
Yang, Xueqing1,2,3,4; Blagodatsky, Sergey1; Marohn, Carsten1; Liu, Hongxi1; Golbon, Reza1; Xu, Jianchu3,4; Cadisch, Georg1
Corresponding AuthorBlagodatsky, Sergey()
AbstractPara rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Mull. Arg) plantations have expanded into regions with sub-optimal growth conditions: distinct dry seasons and temperatures cooler than in humid tropics. The impact of these new marginal environments and future climate change on rubber tree development and latex yield is largely unknown. This hampers reliable prediction of farmers' revenues and extent of carbon sequestration at landscape level. To improve our understanding of rubber trees response to planting at high altitudes and associated increase in planting densities, we applied the process-based Land Use Change Impact Assessment tool (LUCIA). It was calibrated with detailed ground survey data from Xishuangbanna, southwest China to model tree biomass development and latex yield in rubber plantations at the tree, plot and landscape level. Plantations were analyzed at < 900 m above sea level (a.s.l., lowland rubber) and >= 900 m a.s.l. (highland rubber) in order to characterize the effect of elevation on rubber trees. Three planting densities: low (< 495 trees ha(-1)), medium (495-600 trees ha(-1)) and high (> 600 trees ha(-1)) were tested. Four greenhouse gas emission scenarios, with Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) ranging from the lowest RCP 2.6 to the highest emission scenario RCP 8.5, were used to test rubber tree response to climate change. During a 40-year rotation under current climate, lowland rubber plantations grew faster and had larger latex yields than highland rubber. The average biomass of lowland rubber was 9% and 18% higher than those of highland rubber for aboveground and belowground biomass, respectively. High planting density rubber plantations showed 5% and 4% higher above ground biomass than those at low- and medium-planting density, but simulations suggest that the cumulative latex production decreased strongly by 26% and 14% respectively. The results of the RCP 8.5 climate change scenario suggested that during 40 years simulation mean total biomass and cumulative latex yield of highland rubber (per tree) increased by 28% and 48%, while lowland rubber increased by 8% and 10% respectively when compared to the baseline. Other rubber cultivation regions could also benefit from this modelling approach that helps in optimization of carbon stock and latex production in rubber-based system. The results could help in development of future climate change adaption and mitigation strategies.
KeywordLandscape modelling Land use change Carbon sequestration Planting density Tree plantation
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WOS IDWOS:000463129400006
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Cited Times:15[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorBlagodatsky, Sergey
Affiliation1.Univ Hohenheim, Hans Ruthenberg Inst, Inst Agr Sci Trop, Stuttgart, Germany
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Econ Plants & Biotechnol, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.World Agroforestry Ctr ICRAF, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Kunming Inst Bot, East Asia Off, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Xueqing,Blagodatsky, Sergey,Marohn, Carsten,et al. Climbing the mountain fast but smart: Modelling rubber tree growth and latex yield under climate change[J]. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT,2019,439:55-69.
APA Yang, Xueqing.,Blagodatsky, Sergey.,Marohn, Carsten.,Liu, Hongxi.,Golbon, Reza.,...&Cadisch, Georg.(2019).Climbing the mountain fast but smart: Modelling rubber tree growth and latex yield under climate change.FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT,439,55-69.
MLA Yang, Xueqing,et al."Climbing the mountain fast but smart: Modelling rubber tree growth and latex yield under climate change".FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 439(2019):55-69.
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