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Indigenous knowledge of dye-yielding plants among Bai communities in Dali, Northwest Yunnan, China
Fan, Yanxiao1,3; Zhao, Yanqiang2; Liu, Aizhong1,3,4; Hamilton, Alan3; Wang, Chuanfa1; Li, Liangqun3; Yang, Yekun4; Yang, Lixin1,3,4
2018-11-29
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE
ISSN1746-4269
Volume14Issue:0Pages:74
Abstract

BackgroundBai people in the Dali Prefecture of Northwest Yunnan, China, have a long history of using plant extracts to dye their traditional costumes and maintain this culture for posterity. However, the development of modern technology, while vastly improving the dyeing efficiency, is also replacing indigenous knowledge which threatens the indigenous practice, causing the latter disappearing gradually. This study sought to examine the indigenous knowledge of plants used for textile dyeing in Bai communities, so as to provide a foundation for their sustainable development.MethodsWe conducted a semi-structured interview among 344 informants (above age 36) selected through a snowball sampling method. Free lists and participant observation were used as supplementary methods for the interviews. Three quantitative indicators (informant consensus factor [ICF], use frequency, and cultural importance index [CI]) were used to evaluate the indigenous knowledge of the dye-yielding plants.ResultsTwenty-three species belonging to 19 plant taxonomic families were used for dye by Bai communities. We summarized them into four life forms, eight used parts, five colors, three processing methods, and four dyeing methods. Among them, Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) O. Kuntze was the most traditional dyeing plant and has an important cultural value. Location, age, and gender were found to have a significant effect on indigenous knowledge, and the dyeing knowledge was dynamic and influenced by social factors.ConclusionsDiverse plant resources and rich indigenous knowledge of textile dyeing persist at settlements of Bai communities in Dali Prefecture. However, high labor costs and thinning market of traditional products that use plant dye cause repulsion toward traditional practice. To that, a good income in other profession attracts indigenous people to shift from their tradition of making plant-based dye and associated cultural systems at risk of extinction. More research for market development for products that use plant-based dye is necessary for the conservation of this valuable knowledge and biodiversity protection in Bai communities.

KeywordIndigenous Knowledge Dye-yielding Plants Bai Communities Biodiversity Protection
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000451626100001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/63110
Collection资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYang, Lixin
Affiliation1.Southwest Forestry Univ, Kunming 650224, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Coll Forestry & Vocat Technol Yunnan, Kunming 650224, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Econ Plants & Biotechnol, 132 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Ctr Biodivers & Indigenous Knowledge, Kunming 650034, Yunnan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fan, Yanxiao,Zhao, Yanqiang,Liu, Aizhong,et al. Indigenous knowledge of dye-yielding plants among Bai communities in Dali, Northwest Yunnan, China[J]. JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,2018,14(0):74.
APA Fan, Yanxiao.,Zhao, Yanqiang.,Liu, Aizhong.,Hamilton, Alan.,Wang, Chuanfa.,...&Yang, Lixin.(2018).Indigenous knowledge of dye-yielding plants among Bai communities in Dali, Northwest Yunnan, China.JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,14(0),74.
MLA Fan, Yanxiao,et al."Indigenous knowledge of dye-yielding plants among Bai communities in Dali, Northwest Yunnan, China".JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE 14.0(2018):74.
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