Horizontal Gene Transfer From Bacteria and Plants to the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Rhizophagus irregularis
Li, Meng1,2; Zhao, Jinjie1; Tang, Nianwu1,3; Sun, Hang1; Huang, Jinling1,4,5
2018-05-25
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE
ISSN1664-462X
Volume9Pages:701
AbstractArbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) belong to Glomeromycotina, and are mutualistic symbionts of many land plants. Associated bacteria accompany AMF during their lifecycle to establish a robust tripartite association consisting of fungi, plants and bacteria. Physical association among this trinity provides possibilities for the exchange of genetic materials. However, very few horizontal gene transfer (HGT) from bacteria or plants to AMF has been reported yet. In this study, we complement existing algorithms by developing a new pipeline, Blast2hgt, to efficiently screen for putative horizontally derived genes from a whole genome. Genome analyses of the glomeromycete Rhizophagus irregularis identified 19 fungal genes that had been transferred between fungi and bacteria/plants, of which seven were obtained from bacteria. Another 18 R. irregularis genes were found to be recently acquired from either plants or bacteria. In the R. irregularis genome, gene duplication has contributed to the expansion of three foreign genes. Importantly, more than half of the R. irregularis foreign genes were expressed in various transcriptomic experiments, suggesting that these genes are functional in R. irregularis. Functional annotation and available evidence showed that these acquired genesmay participate in diverse but fundamental biological processes such as regulation of gene expression, mitosis and signal transduction. Our study suggests that horizontal gene influx through endosymbiosis is a source of new functions for R. irregularis, and HGT might have played a role in the evolution and symbiotic adaptation of this arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus.
KeywordArbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Endobacteria Eukaryotic Evolution Horizontal Gene Transfer Symbiosis
DOI10.3389/fpls.2018.00701
Language英语
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Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/61344
Collection中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Dept Econ Plants & Biotechnol, Yunnan Key Lab Wild Plant Resources, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Henan Univ, Inst Plant Stress Biol, State Key Lab Cotton Biol, Kaifeng, Peoples R China
5.East Carolina Univ, Dept Biol, Greenville, NC 27858 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Meng,Zhao, Jinjie,Tang, Nianwu,et al. Horizontal Gene Transfer From Bacteria and Plants to the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Rhizophagus irregularis[J]. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,2018,9:701.
APA Li, Meng,Zhao, Jinjie,Tang, Nianwu,Sun, Hang,&Huang, Jinling.(2018).Horizontal Gene Transfer From Bacteria and Plants to the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Rhizophagus irregularis.FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,9,701.
MLA Li, Meng,et al."Horizontal Gene Transfer From Bacteria and Plants to the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Rhizophagus irregularis".FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE 9(2018):701.
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