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题名: 五种药用植物资源化学的初步研究
作者: 朱伟明
学位类别: 博士
答辩日期: 2001
授予单位: 中国科学院昆明植物研究所
授予地点: 中国科学院昆明植物研究所
导师: 郝小江
关键词: 资源化学 ; 化学成分 ; 米乐甾酮 ; 生物活性 ; 搭棚藤 ; 美飞蛾藤 ; 盆架树 ; 东紫苏 ; 景洪暗罗
学位专业: 植物学
中文摘要: 该论文对五种药用植物资源的化学进行了初步研究,即研究了旋花科(Convolvulaceae)飞蛾藤属植物搭棚藤(PoranadisciferaSchneid)和美飞蛾藤(PoranaspectabilisKurz)、夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)盆架属药用植物盆架树(WinchiacalophyllaA.DC.)、唇型科(Labiatae)香薷属(ElsholtizaWilld)药用植物东紫苏(ElsholtizabodinieriVan't)、番荔枝科(Annonaceae)暗罗属植物景洪暗罗(PolyalthiacheliensisHu)五种药用植物的化学成分、活性成分及其化学合成.第一部分昆虫蜕皮激素米乐甾酮植物资源化学的初步研究.第二部分三种药用植物资源的化学研究.第三部分文献综述1.蜕皮甾的光谱特征总结了蜕皮甾的特征红外、紫外、质谱和核磁共振光谱及其在结构鉴定中的应用,并列出了已发表的82种B环上具有7-烯-6-酮结构的蜕皮甾类化合物的碳谱数据及其相应的原始文献的出处.2.灯台树中的生物碱总结了从灯台树中分离鉴定的吲跺-单萜类生物碱的结构类型、存在部位、检识方法及其光谱特征.
英文摘要: This dissertation dealt with the chemistry of the natural resources of five medicinal plants, Porana discifera Schneid (Convolvulaceae), Porana spectabilis Kurz (Convolvulaceae), Winchia calophylla A. DC. (Apocynaceae), Elsholtiza bodinieri Van (Labiatae) and Pofyalthia cheliensis Hu (Anno-naceae). From above five plants, 91 compounds including p-sitosterol and daucosterol were isolated. By spectroscopic and chemical methods, their structures were identified as ecdysterone (1), ecdysterone-2-acetate (2), ecdysterone-3-acetate (3), ecdysterone-25-acetate (4), 2,3-isopropilidene ecdysterone (5), 20,22-isopropilidene ecdysterone (6), 2-deoxyecdysterone (7), 20,22-isopropilidene 2-deoxyecdysterone (8), 2-deoxyecdysterone-3-(9-f}-D-glucopyranoside (9), 2-deoxyecdysterone-25-0-P-D-glucopyranoside (10), posterone (11), disciferatriol (12), disciferoside A (13), (4R)-menthane-lS,2S,8-triol (14), lp,2(3,3a, 4(3,5a-cyclohexanepentol (15), dodecandral-3-0-p-D-xylopyranoside (16), D-galactitol (17), E-piceid (18), scopoletin (19), scoplin (20), ethyl caffeate (21), (3,5-dihydroxphenyl)-2£'-propenoic acid (22), methyl a-D-frucofuranoside (23), methyl p-D-frucopyranoside (24), 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (25), 2,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (26), (+)-syringare-sinol-4-O-p-D-glucopyranoside (27), 3P-hydroxy-27-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-JE -cinnamoyloxy)-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid (28), lupenone (29), lupenyl acetate (30), betulinic acid (31), cc-amyrin acetate (32), ursolic acid (33), ptiloepoxide (34) and P-amyrin (35), cycloeucalenol (36), sweroside (37), butyl winchioside (38), butyl isowinchioside (39), ethyl winchioside (40), 7-formyl loganin (41), 6 -formyl loganin (42), 7,6'-diformyl loganin (43), loganin (44), loganic acid (45), winepoxide (46), wincaloside A (47), wincaloside B (48), butyl-p-D-glucopyranoside (49), butyl-a-D-grucopyrano-side (50), butyl-P-D-galatofuranoside (51), echitamidine (52), alstoqustine (53), N(4)-methyl akuammicine (54), 19,20-diepf echitamidine (55), tubota- wine (56), rhazimanine (57), echitamine (58), 17-Oacetyl echitamine (59), pseudoakuammigine (60), picrinine (61), nareline (62), stemmadenine (63), vallesamine (64), cantleyine (65), isocantleyine (66), venoterpine (67), rutaecarpine (68), eyodiamine (69), dehydroevodiamine hydrochloride(70), 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-l-oxo-p-carboline (71), l-methyl-2-[(102)-10-pentadecan-enyl]-4(lH)-quinolone (72), paeonol (73), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid (74), 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (75), 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (76), sesa-min (77), (-)-lyoniresinol (78), hederagenin-3-O-P-D-xylopyranoside (79), 2,23-hederagenin-D-xylose acetal or (2,23-hederagenin)-mercaptal-D-xylose (80), dodecandral-3-<9-P-D-xylopyranoside (16), 3p,23-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (81), rosmarinic acid (82), 5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyfiavanone (83), 5,3',4'-trihydroxy-7-<3-P-D-glucopyranosylflavanone (84), 5,3',4'-trihydroxy-7-O-P-D-glucopyranosylflavone (85), 3",3'"-bispolycerasoidol (86), la-acetoxyl ent-jxmenol or 6p-hydroxy-(5p,7a,10a)-eudesma-4(15)-en-la-yl acetate (87), polycerasoidol (88), isopolycerasoidol (89), which the compounds 12,13,16, 28, 38-43, 46-48, 51, 79, 80, 86 and 87 were the new ones. In the determinations of the structures of compounds 12 and 13, the configurations of some positions of 11 compounds in the 7 literatures were revised by literature investigation, spectroscopic, chemical and X-ray diffraction methods.
语种: 中文
内容类型: 学位论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/586
Appears in Collections:昆明植物所硕博研究生毕业学位论文_学位论文

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