云南老君山金丝厂滇金丝猴(Rhinopithecus bieti)群的食谱及其栖息地环境研究
其他题名Study on Diet and Habitat of Rhinopithecus bieti in Jinsichang,Laojun Mountain, Northwest Yunnan
李新辉
学位类型硕士
导师龙春林
2009-05-20
学位授予单位中国科学院昆明植物研究所
学位授予地点昆明植物研究所
学位专业植物学
关键词滇金丝猴 金丝厂 取食部位 食物种类 栖息地环境 多样性指数
摘要作者于2008年1月9日-1月24日(代表植物休眠期),2008年6月1日-7月1日(代表植物营养生长期),2008年10月5日-10月17日(代表植物生殖生长期),对东南部最具代表性的金丝厂滇金丝猴群的取食过程进行了跟踪观察,以确定其食物种类,并设置20 m×30 m的标准样方24个,来研究其栖息地环境的特点。主要结果和结论如下: 金丝厂滇金丝猴群的食物有31种,属于15科21属;被子植物在该群食谱当中占绝大多数,有25种,具有非常重要的地位。植物营养生长期时,滇金丝猴取食43个植物部位,主要是芽和叶;生殖生长期,取食31个植物部位,主要是花和果实;而在植物的休眠期,取食19个植物部位,主要是小果垂枝柏的种皮和松科植物的芽与叶。栖息地环境方面,发现其活动区域内是以长苞冷杉(Abies georgei)和毛柱红棕杜鹃(Rhododendron rubiginosum var. ptilostylum)为主的亚高山寒温性针叶林,其森林群落稳定,发育良好,高大树木占有一定的比例,利于该猴群的生活和长期发展;基于对样方的干扰强度、海拔高度、alpha多样性指数、beta多样性指数、相对频率、每个树种的分布模式、胸径等指标的分析,结果表明滇金丝猴对生境的选择受到海拔、人为干扰和树种的分布模式等的影响。
其他摘要The Jinsichang population is crucial for survival of one of the three existing gene pools of the monkey species. This research focused on the diet and the habitat of Rhinopithecus bieti at Jinsichang, Laojun Mountain, Northwest Yunnan, based on field surveys carried out in January (dormant period), June (vegetative period), and October (reproductive period) in 2008. The main results were: The focal group consumed 31 plant species of 21 genera in 15 families. 25 plants from angiosperm, and they played a very important role in the monkey’s diet. Rhinopithecus bieti mainly fed on 43 plant-parts, mainly plant buds and leaves during the plant vegetative period, and during the reproductive period, they lived on 31 parts, dominated by flowers and fruits. In the dormant period (winter), they ate 19 items, and the seed capsule of Juniperus recurva var. coxii (A. B. Jackson) Melville and the buds or needles of Pinaceae were the primary food. It was cold temperate coniferous forest in the distribution area, and dominated by Abies georgei and Rhododendron rubiginosum var. ptilostylum. The forest ecosystem developed very well, while the high and big trees took up considerable proportions, and the ground was densely covered with bamboo of Fargesia. Based on the analysis of the disturbance frequency, elevation, alpha biodiversity, and beta diversity of the sampled sites, relative frequency, DBH, and distribution pattern of the trees, we concluded that the lower altitude in the south, the abundance of the “food” trees in the middle area, and the less disturbance in these two places appealed the monkey to select the south and middle as their frequent active areas
页数82
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/448
专题昆明植物所硕博研究生毕业学位论文
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李新辉. 云南老君山金丝厂滇金丝猴(Rhinopithecus bieti)群的食谱及其栖息地环境研究[D]. 昆明植物研究所. 中国科学院昆明植物研究所,2009.
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