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Kamala tree as an indicator of the presence of Asian elephants during the dry season in the Shivalik landscape of northwestern India
Bi, Yingfeng1,2,3,4; Roy, Arijit3; Bhavsar, Dhruval3; Xu, Jianchu1,6; Wang, Mingcheng1,6; Wang, Tiejun5; Yang, Xuefei1,4
2016-12-01
Source PublicationECOLOGICAL INDICATORS
Volume71Issue:1Pages:239-247
AbstractThe availability of forage resources during the dry season is often a critical factor in determining the distribution and movement of large herbivores. It has long been suspected that the Kamala tree (Mallotus philippinensis) can serve as an indicator of the distribution for Asian elephants during the dry season in northwestern India. However, there is little direct evidence in support of this speculation, especially at a large landscape scale. Here, we predicted the distribution of Kamala trees in the Shivalik landscape of northwestern India based on topographic and bioclimatic variables, as well as satellite-derived vegetation indices and forest canopy height data using a presence-only ecological niche model. We used the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and true skill statistic (TSS) to validate the model. We then examined the relationship between the occurrence probability of Kamala trees and the presence of Asian elephants with data collected during dry seasons between 2010 and 2014 using logistic regression models. Our results showed that the probability of occurrence of Kamala trees was predicted with good accuracy (AUC = 0.88 and TSS = 0.51). The logistic regression models showed that the presence of Asian elephants can be adequately predicted by the occurrence probability of Kamala trees. This result suggests that the distribution of Kamala trees is a good indicator of the presence of Asian elephants during the dry season in the Shivalik landscape. These findings may have major implications for the conservation of Asian elephants, especially in designing wildlife corridors and mitigating human-elephant conflicts. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordSpecies Distribution Model Asian Elephant Kamala Tree Indicator Species
DOI10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.07.011
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000388157900025
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/33674
Collection资源植物与生物技术所级重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Econ Plants & Biotechnol, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Indian Space Res Org, Indian Inst Remote Sensing, Dehra Dun 248001, Uttar Pradesh, India
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Southeast Asia Biodivers Res Inst, Mengla 666303, Yunnan, Peoples R China
5.Univ Twente, Fac Geoinformat Sci & Earth Observat, NL-7500 AE Enschede, Netherlands
6.World Agroforestry Ctr East & Cent Asia, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bi, Yingfeng,Roy, Arijit,Bhavsar, Dhruval,et al. Kamala tree as an indicator of the presence of Asian elephants during the dry season in the Shivalik landscape of northwestern India[J]. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS,2016,71(1):239-247.
APA Bi, Yingfeng.,Roy, Arijit.,Bhavsar, Dhruval.,Xu, Jianchu.,Wang, Mingcheng.,...&Yang, Xuefei.(2016).Kamala tree as an indicator of the presence of Asian elephants during the dry season in the Shivalik landscape of northwestern India.ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS,71(1),239-247.
MLA Bi, Yingfeng,et al."Kamala tree as an indicator of the presence of Asian elephants during the dry season in the Shivalik landscape of northwestern India".ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS 71.1(2016):239-247.
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