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题名: Mao's heritage: Medicinal plant knowledge among the Bai in Shaxi, China, at a crossroads between distinct local and common widespread practice
作者: Weckerle, Caroline S.1; Ineichen, Robert1; Huber, Franz K.2; Yang Yongping(杨永平)3
刊名: JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
关键词: Bai medicine ; Ethnobotany ; Medicinal plants ; Southwest China ; Traditional Chinese Medicine ; Yunnan
英文摘要: Ethnopharmacological relevance: The study focuses on medicinal plant knowledge among the Bai in the Shaxi Valley, Northwest Yunnan, where no ethnobotanical study has been conducted so far. In an area of high biodiversity, distinct medicinal plant knowledge is documented and the influence of herbals on local knowledge is revealed.
中文摘要: Ethnopharmacological relevance: The study focuses on medicinal plant knowledge among the Bai in the Shaxi Valley, Northwest Yunnan, where no ethnobotanical study has been conducted so far. In an area of high biodiversity, distinct medicinal plant knowledge is documented and the influence of herbals on local knowledge is revealed. Aim of the study: To analyse current medicinal plant knowledge among the Bai in the context of the influence of the Han culture and mainstream Chinese herbal medicine. Materials and methods: During fieldwork in summer 2005, semistructured interviews were conducted with 68 stakeholders, and voucher specimens of all plants mentioned were prepared. Results:A total of 176 medicinal plant species were documented and 1133 use-reports have been collected. Overall, 91.5% of the documented plants are already established as known drugs, and are mentioned in books on medicinal plants in Yunnan and China. Furthermore, the way in which they are used largely coincides. Fourteen plant species represent novel recordings, 9 of which were independently mentioned by three or more informants. Conclusions: The medicinal plant knowledge of the Bai is strongly influenced by mainstream Chinese herbal medicine and especially by medicinal plant books from the 1970s, which were distributed under Mao Zedong's directive to improve rural health care. We conclude that these herbals have exerted, and continue to exert, a strong influence on the standardisation of plant knowledge among rural populations in China. However, distinct local use of plants also exists, indicating that plant knowledge specific to the Bai people is alive and practiced. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
出版日期: 2009-06-22
卷号: 123, 期号:2, 页码:213-228
DOI标识: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.03.014
语种: 英语
ISSN号: 0378-8741
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/2645
Appears in Collections:中国科学院青藏高原研究所昆明部_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Univ Zurich, Inst Systemat Bot, CH-8008 Zurich, Switzerland
2.Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Environm Decis, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Weckerle, CS; Ineichen, R; Huber, FK; Yang, YP.Mao's heritage: Medicinal plant knowledge among the Bai in Shaxi, China, at a crossroads between distinct local and common widespread practice,JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY,2009,123(2):213-228
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