Evolution of the eastern Asian-North American biogeographic disjunctions in ferns and lycophytes
Xiang, Jian-Ying1; Wen, Jun2; Peng, Hua3; Wen,J (reprint author),Smithsonian Inst,Natl Museum Nat Hist,Dept Bot,MRC 166,Washington,DC 20013 USA.; wenj@si.edu; hpeng@mail.kib.ac.cn
2015
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION
Volume53Issue:1Pages:2-32
AbstractThis paper reviews 31 groups in ferns and lycophytes hypothesized to show eastern Asian-North American disjunctions. Fourteen lineages have been supported by recent phylogenetic evidence: Lycopodium nikoense and Lycopodium sitchense; Isoetes asiatica and the clade of the North American species complex closely allied to I. maritima; Osmundastrum cinnamomeum; Osmunda claytoniana; the Adiantum pedatum complex; the Cryptogramma acrostichoides complex; Diplaziopsidaceae; Cystopteris chinensis and the Cystopteris bulbifera clade; Asplenium rhizophyllum and Asplenium ruprechtii; diploid Phegopteris; Onoclea sensibilis; the Polypodium appalachianum clade; and the Polypodium glycyrrhiza clade. Phylogenetic and/or cytological evidence did not support the biogeographic disjunctions in six cases: (1) Isoetes asiatica and I. truncata; (2) Botrychium ternatum; (3) Thelypteris beddomei and T. nipponicaThelypteris noveboracensis and T. nevadensis; (4) Thelypteris glanduligera and Thelypteris. japonicaT. simulata; (5) Woodwardia japonica and W. virginica; and (6) Woodwardia orientalis and Woodwardia fimbriata. Both vicariance and dispersal have been suggested to be the mechanisms for the formation of the disjunct pattern; and the Beringian region has been an active pathway for the migration of ferns and lycophytes between Asia and North America. Disjunctions of ferns and lycophytes reviewed here have been dated in the Tertiary, and are similar to the ages of eastern Asian-North American disjunctions in seed plants, supporting the close biogeographic co-diversification of ferns and seed plants. Future studies are needed to estimate divergence times and reconstruct biogeographic events in a broad phylogenetic framework, and to test the morphological stasis hypothesis in disjunct ferns and lycophytes.
KeywordBiogeography Disjunction Eastern Asia Ferns Lycophytes North America
Subject AreaPlant Sciences
DOI10.1111/jse.12141
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000348851800002
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/20652
Collection中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWen,J (reprint author),Smithsonian Inst,Natl Museum Nat Hist,Dept Bot,MRC 166,Washington,DC 20013 USA.; wenj@si.edu; hpeng@mail.kib.ac.cn
Affiliation1.Southwest Forestry Univ, Yunnan Acad Biodivers, Kunming 650224, Peoples R China
2.Smithsonian Inst, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Dept Bot, Washington, DC 20013 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiang, Jian-Ying,Wen, Jun,Peng, Hua,et al. Evolution of the eastern Asian-North American biogeographic disjunctions in ferns and lycophytes[J]. JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION,2015,53(1):2-32.
APA Xiang, Jian-Ying,Wen, Jun,Peng, Hua,Wen,J ,wenj@si.edu,&hpeng@mail.kib.ac.cn.(2015).Evolution of the eastern Asian-North American biogeographic disjunctions in ferns and lycophytes.JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION,53(1),2-32.
MLA Xiang, Jian-Ying,et al."Evolution of the eastern Asian-North American biogeographic disjunctions in ferns and lycophytes".JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION 53.1(2015):2-32.
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