A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities
Jacques, Frederic M. B.1; Shi, Gongle2; Su, Tao1; Zhou, Zhekun1,3; Zhou,ZK (reprint author),Chinese Acad Sci,Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden,Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol,Mengla 666303,Peoples R China.; zhouzk@xtbg.ac.cn
2015-05-01
Source PublicationREVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY
Volume216Pages:76-91
AbstractThe middle Miocene Fotan flora of Zhangpu County, South Fujian, China has been considered to represent tropical rainforest based on the occurrence of distinctive winged fruit fossils of the Dipterocarpaceae. However, this paleoclimatic interpretation has been challenged. In this study, we describe new tropical and subtropical elements of this flora that co-occurred with Dipterocarpaceae based on newly collected fossil leaves from the Fotan flora. The fossils were identified through detailed comparison with leaves of living plants. Six new species belonging to six different families are described: Artocarpus basirotundatus sp. nov. (Moraceae), Bauhinia fotana sp. nov. (Leguminosae), Boehmeria fujianensis sp. nov. (Urticaceae), Calophyllum striatum sp. nov. (Calophyllaceae), Flacourtia serrulata sp. nov. (Salicaceae), and Macaranga stellata sp. nov. (Euphorbiaceae). They represent the first fossil records of these genera in China, with the exception of Bauhinia. These elements provide further evidence for the recognition of tropical forest in South Fujian during the middle Miocene. They show more affinities with Indian Neogene floras than with other Chinese palaeofloras. It suggests that, during the Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum, the border between the tropical and subtropical vegetation moved north to South Fujian. The Fotan palaeoflora is the first record of Miocene floristic affinities between Indian and South Chinese floras. In contrast, the southwestern Chinese Miocene palaeofloras have a different floristic composition without clear Indian affinities. We propose that the route of exchange between the Indian and South Chinese Miocene floras passed through South-East Asia. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordChina Fossil Leaf Fujian India Miocene Tropical
Subject AreaPlant Sciences ; Paleontology
DOI10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.02.001
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS IDWOS:000353426800006
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/20636
Collection中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhou,ZK (reprint author),Chinese Acad Sci,Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden,Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol,Mengla 666303,Peoples R China.; zhouzk@xtbg.ac.cn
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Mengla 666303, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biogeog & Biodivers, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jacques, Frederic M. B.,Shi, Gongle,Su, Tao,et al. A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities[J]. REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY,2015,216:76-91.
APA Jacques, Frederic M. B.,Shi, Gongle,Su, Tao,Zhou, Zhekun,Zhou,ZK ,&zhouzk@xtbg.ac.cn.(2015).A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities.REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY,216,76-91.
MLA Jacques, Frederic M. B.,et al."A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities".REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY 216(2015):76-91.
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