A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities
Jacques, Frederic M. B.1; Shi, Gongle2; Su, Tao1; Zhou, Zhekun1,3; Zhou,ZK (reprint author),Chinese Acad Sci,Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden,Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol,Mengla 666303,Peoples R China.; zhouzk@xtbg.ac.cn
2015-05-01
发表期刊REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY
卷号216页码:76-91
摘要The middle Miocene Fotan flora of Zhangpu County, South Fujian, China has been considered to represent tropical rainforest based on the occurrence of distinctive winged fruit fossils of the Dipterocarpaceae. However, this paleoclimatic interpretation has been challenged. In this study, we describe new tropical and subtropical elements of this flora that co-occurred with Dipterocarpaceae based on newly collected fossil leaves from the Fotan flora. The fossils were identified through detailed comparison with leaves of living plants. Six new species belonging to six different families are described: Artocarpus basirotundatus sp. nov. (Moraceae), Bauhinia fotana sp. nov. (Leguminosae), Boehmeria fujianensis sp. nov. (Urticaceae), Calophyllum striatum sp. nov. (Calophyllaceae), Flacourtia serrulata sp. nov. (Salicaceae), and Macaranga stellata sp. nov. (Euphorbiaceae). They represent the first fossil records of these genera in China, with the exception of Bauhinia. These elements provide further evidence for the recognition of tropical forest in South Fujian during the middle Miocene. They show more affinities with Indian Neogene floras than with other Chinese palaeofloras. It suggests that, during the Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum, the border between the tropical and subtropical vegetation moved north to South Fujian. The Fotan palaeoflora is the first record of Miocene floristic affinities between Indian and South Chinese floras. In contrast, the southwestern Chinese Miocene palaeofloras have a different floristic composition without clear Indian affinities. We propose that the route of exchange between the Indian and South Chinese Miocene floras passed through South-East Asia. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词China Fossil Leaf Fujian India Miocene Tropical
资助信息973 programme of MOST of China [20120CB821900]; National Natural Science Foundation of China [41272007, 31100166, 41030212, 41206173]; Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany; Chinese Academy of Sciences [KLBB 201201]
学科领域Plant Sciences ; Paleontology
DOI10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.02.001
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Plant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS类目Plant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS记录号WOS:000353426800006
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/20636
专题中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室
通讯作者Zhou,ZK (reprint author),Chinese Acad Sci,Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden,Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol,Mengla 666303,Peoples R China.; zhouzk@xtbg.ac.cn
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Mengla 666303, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biogeog & Biodivers, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
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Jacques, Frederic M. B.,Shi, Gongle,Su, Tao,et al. A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities[J]. REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY,2015,216:76-91.
APA Jacques, Frederic M. B.,Shi, Gongle,Su, Tao,Zhou, Zhekun,Zhou,ZK ,&zhouzk@xtbg.ac.cn.(2015).A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities.REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY,216,76-91.
MLA Jacques, Frederic M. B.,et al."A tropical forest of the middle Miocene of Fujian (SE China) reveals Sino-Indian biogeographic affinities".REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY 216(2015):76-91.
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