The Rhododendron of China exhibit great diversity, however no conservation evaluation of the genus had been performed, as a result of no governmental financial support. Based on our recent field investigations covering a total of seven provinces and 95 days from 2011 to 2013 in China, we herein provide an updated conservation status on eight species plus two further species that are listed as endangered and vulnerable in the Red List of Rhododendrons in which the evaluation was mainly based on old records. Our surveys indicated that urgent conservation actions to the two critically endangered species R. magniflorum (less than 10 extant plants) and R. roxieoides (only 22 mature individuals) should be performed. Moreover, we proposed that species represented by few plants, and that grow at low altitude, in disturbed habitats, should be given priority for ex- and in-situ conservation. Despite current distributions of all listed endangered Rhododendrons were not fully covered, our report aimed to arouse conservation attention and actions on Rhododendrons preferably by governmental financial support in China.
NSFC-Joint Foundation of Yunnan Province [U1302223]
; National Natural Science Foundation of China [21322204, 81172939]
; reservation-talent project of Yunnan Province [2011CI043]
; West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming Bot Garden, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China 2.Dobbies Garden Ctr, Perth DD2, Scotland 3.Royal Bot Garden, Edinburgh EH20 3LR, Midlothian, Scotland 4.Fauna & Flora Int China Programme, Beijing, Peoples R China
Ma,Yongpeng;Nielsen,Jens;Chamberlain,David F.;Li,Xiaoya;Sun,Weibang.The conservation of Rhododendrons is of greater urgency than has been previously acknowledged in China,BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,2014,77(11):2444-2453