四种药用植物化学成分的研究
宋卫武
学位类型硕士
导师李波
2010-05
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位专业植物学
摘要本论文共分五章,前四章分别阐述了披针叶胡颓子、大黄栀子、栀子和黄菖蒲四种药用植物化学成分的研究,第五章综述了裂环环菠萝蜜烷三萜的研究进展。从上述四种药用植物中共分离鉴定化合物38个,涉及生物碱、三萜、黄酮苷、木质素和环烯醚萜等结构类型,其中新化合物5个。第一章对披针叶胡颓子枝叶的化学成分进行研究,从中共分离鉴定了19个化合物:isoamericanol B (1),6-hydroxy-3,4-dihydro-1-oxo-β-carboline (2),2α-h-ydroxy-ursolic acid (3),2α, 23-dihydroxy-ursolic acid (4),maslinic acid (5),v-omifoliol (6),roseoside (7),syringaresinol (8),clemaphenol A (9),japonica a-cid (10),lutein (11),trilobatin (12),3-phenyl-1-(2',6'-dihydroxy-phenyl-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-1-propanone (13), naringenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (14),vitexin (8-C-β-D-glucopyranosyl apigenin)(15),7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl chrysin (16),isorhamnetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (17),kae-mpferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (18), kaempferol-3-β-D-(6''-O-trans-p-coumaro-yl) glucopyranoside (19)。其中化合物1为新化合物,化合物2-17为首次从该植物中分离得到。第二章阐述了大黄栀子枝叶的化学成分研究,共分离鉴定了7个化合物:ol-eanolic acid (1),coronalolide methyl ester (2),sootepin D (3),sootepin F (4),sootepin G (5),sootepin H (6),sootepin I (7)。其中化合物4-7为新化合物。第三章阐述了栀子的化学成分研究,共分离鉴定了8个化合物:jasminodiol (1),syringaresinol (2),methyl α-D-fructofuranoside (3),clethric acid (4),gen-iposide(5),diethylhexylphthalate (6),5', 7'-octadecadienoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-propyl ester (7),ursolic acid (8)。第四章阐述了黄菖蒲的根部化学成分的研究,从中共分离鉴定了4个化合物:5α, 8α-epidioxyergosta-6, 22-dien-3β-ol (1),ayamenin B (2),2-hydroxyben-zoic acid (3),β-sitosterol (4)。第五章综述了裂环环菠萝蜜烷三萜最近15年的研究进展,具体包括该类化合物的结构类型、分布和生物活性。
资助项目This thesis is composed of five chapters.The first chapter describes chemical constituents from the leaves and twigs of Elaeagnus lanceolata. Nineteen compounds were isolated and identified, incl-uding a new compound, isoamericanol B (1), and 18 known compounds, 6-hy-droxy-3, 4-dihydro-1-oxo-β-carboline (2), 2α-hydroxy-ursolic acid (3), 2α, 23-dih-ydroxy-ursolic acid (4), maslinic acid (5), vomifoliol (6), roseoside (7), syringa-resinol (8), clemaphenol A (9), japonica acid (10), lutein (11), trilobatin (12), 3-phenyl-1-(2', 6'-dihydroxy-phenyl-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl)-1-propanone (13), n-aringenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (14), vitexin (8-C-β-D-glucopyranosyl apigeni-n) (15), 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl chrysin (16), isorhamnetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyra-nosyl-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (17), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (18) a-nd kaempferol-3-O-β-D-(6''-O-trans-p-coumaroyl) glucopyranoside (19). Compou-nds 2-17 were isolated from this plant for the first time.The second chapter describes chemical constituents from the leaves and twi-gs of Gardenia sootepensis. Seven compounds were isolated and identified, incl-uding oleanolic acid (1), coronalolide methyl ester (2), sootepin D (3), sootepi-n F (4), sootepin G (5), sootepin H (6) and sootepin I (7). 4-7 are new com-pounds.The third chapter describes chemical constituents from the fruits of Gardeni-a jasminoides. Eight compounds were isolated. These compounds were identifi-ed to be jasminodiol (1), syringaresinol (2), methyl α-D-fructofuranoside (3), cl-ethric acid (4), geniposide(5), diethylhexylphthalate (6), 5', 7'-octadecadienoic acid, 2, 3-dihydroxypropyl ester (7) and ursolic acid (8).The forth chapter describes chemical constituents from the root of Iris pseu-dacorus. Four compounds were isolated and identified, including 5α, 8α-epidio-xyergosta-6, 22-dien-3β-ol (1), ayamenin B (2), 2-hydroxy-benzoic acid (3) and β-sitosterol (4).The fifth chapter reviewed the recent progress on seco-cycloartane triterpene studies, their structure types, distribution, and biological activities were described.
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/16152
专题昆明植物所硕博研究生毕业学位论文
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宋卫武. 四种药用植物化学成分的研究[D]. 中国科学院研究生院,2010.
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