Rates of Water Loss and Uptake in Recalcitrant Fruits of Quercus Species Are Determined by Pericarp Anatomy
Xia, Ke1,2; Daws, Matthew I.3,4; Stuppy, Wolfgang4; Zhou, Zhe-Kun1,5; Pritchard, Hugh W.2,4
Corresponding AuthorZhou, ZK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming, Peoples R China.,zhouzk@mail.kib.ac.cn ; h.pritchard@kew.org
2012-10-11
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Volume7Issue:10Pages:e47368
AbstractDesiccation-sensitive recalcitrant seeds and fruits are killed by the loss of even moderate quantities of water. Consequently, minimizing the rate of water loss may be an important ecological factor and evolutionary driver by reducing the risk of mortality during post-dispersal dry-spells. For recalcitrant fruits of a range of Quercus species, prolonged drying times have been observed previously. However, the underlying mechanism(s) for this variation is unknown. Using nine Quercus species we investigated the major route(s) of water flow into and out of the fruits and analysed the relative importance of the different pericarp components and their anatomy on water uptake/loss. During imbibition (rehydration), the surface area of the cupule scar and the frequency and area of the vascular bundles contained therein were significantly correlated with the rates of water uptake across the scar. The vascular bundles serving the apex of the fruit were a minor contributor to overall water. Further, the rate of water uptake across the remainder of the pericarp surface was significantly correlated with the thickness of the vascularised inner layer in the pericarp. Fruits of Q. franchetii and Q. schottkyana dried most slowly and had a comparatively small scar surface area with few vascular bundles per unit area. These species inhabit drier regions than the other species studied, suggesting these anatomical features may have ecological value by reducing the risk of desiccation stress. However, this remains to be tested in the field.
KeywordDesiccation-tolerance Robur l Seeds Storage Conservation Acorns
Subject AreaMultidisciplinary Sciences
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0047368
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000309807700077
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/15978
Collection中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Germplasm Bank Wild Species, Kunming, Peoples R China
3.ALCOA Australia Proprietary Ltd, Pinjarra, WA, Australia
4.Royal Bot Gardens, Seed Conservat Dept, Richmond, England
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Yunnan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xia, Ke,Daws, Matthew I.,Stuppy, Wolfgang,et al. Rates of Water Loss and Uptake in Recalcitrant Fruits of Quercus Species Are Determined by Pericarp Anatomy[J]. PLOS ONE,2012,7(10):e47368.
APA Xia, Ke,Daws, Matthew I.,Stuppy, Wolfgang,Zhou, Zhe-Kun,&Pritchard, Hugh W..(2012).Rates of Water Loss and Uptake in Recalcitrant Fruits of Quercus Species Are Determined by Pericarp Anatomy.PLOS ONE,7(10),e47368.
MLA Xia, Ke,et al."Rates of Water Loss and Uptake in Recalcitrant Fruits of Quercus Species Are Determined by Pericarp Anatomy".PLOS ONE 7.10(2012):e47368.
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