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Flower heliotropism of Anemone rivularis (Ranunculaceae) in the Himalayas: effects on floral temperature and reproductive fitness
Zhang, Shu1,2; Ai, Hong-Lian1,2; Yu, Wen-Bin1,2; Wang, Hong1; Li, De-Zhu1
2010-08-01
Source PublicationPLANT ECOLOGY
Volume209Issue:2Pages:301-312
AbstractThe flower heliotropism of Anemone rivularis (Ranunculaceae) was investigated on the Yulong Snow Mountain, near Lijiang in the northwest of the Yunnan province of China. We discovered that tepals in this species drive the peduncles to track the sun, and that this flower heliotropism was likely an adaptation for parental environmental effects on reproductive fitness. In brief, A. rivularis flowers retained sun-tracking behavior following removal of pistils and stamens, but lost heliotropic movement, if tepals were removed. Light is the major factor to affect floral heliotropism, the tepal-received light signal was in the blue frequency. Meanwhile, the peduncles were found to bend significantly on the top portion of both control flowers and those lacking pistils and stamens, but instead of keeping a vertical peduncle orientation in flowers with tepals removed. Furthermore, the floral temperature was steadier, and seed sizes and numbers were greater for control flowers than for flowers with tepals removed. Therefore, we conclude that the tepals trigger the flower heliotropism in A. rivularis and play an important role on not only increasing but also keeping optimal thermal condition of flower interior. We further conclude that flower heliotropism enhances the pollen viability and seed production, resulting in higher reproductive success for this alpine species.
KeywordHeliotropism Tepals Floral Temperature Physiological Mechanism Reproductive Fitness Himalayas
Subject AreaPlant Sciences ; Ecology ; Forestry
DOI10.1007/s11258-010-9739-4
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Forestry
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences ; Ecology ; Forestry
WOS IDWOS:000279479500011
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/11257
Collection中国西南野生生物种质资源库
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Plant Germplasm & Genom Ctr, Germplasm Bank Wild Species,Key Lab Biodivers & B, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Shu,Ai, Hong-Lian,Yu, Wen-Bin,et al. Flower heliotropism of Anemone rivularis (Ranunculaceae) in the Himalayas: effects on floral temperature and reproductive fitness[J]. PLANT ECOLOGY,2010,209(2):301-312.
APA Zhang, Shu,Ai, Hong-Lian,Yu, Wen-Bin,Wang, Hong,&Li, De-Zhu.(2010).Flower heliotropism of Anemone rivularis (Ranunculaceae) in the Himalayas: effects on floral temperature and reproductive fitness.PLANT ECOLOGY,209(2),301-312.
MLA Zhang, Shu,et al."Flower heliotropism of Anemone rivularis (Ranunculaceae) in the Himalayas: effects on floral temperature and reproductive fitness".PLANT ECOLOGY 209.2(2010):301-312.
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