|Embryology of Megacodon stylophorus and Veratrilla baillonii (Gentianaceae): descriptions and systematic implications|
|Xue, CY; Li, DZ
|发表期刊||BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY
|摘要||The embryological characters of Megacodon stylophorus (C. B. Clark) H. Smith and Veratrilla baillonii Franch. are described for the first time and the systematic relationships of Megacodon and Veratrilla are discussed. Both species share the following embryological features. The anthers are tetrasporangiate. The formation of anther walls is of the Dicotyledonous Type. The tapetum is of glandular type with uninucleate cells which have a dual origin. The tapetal cells on the connective side show radial elongation or periclinal division and intrude into the anther locule to form 'placentoids'. Cytokinesis in the microsporocyte meiosis is of the simultaneous type and the microspore tetrads are nearly always tetrahedral, rarely decussate. The ovary is bicarpellate and unilocular. The ovule is unitegmic and tenuinucellar. The formation of the embryo sac is of the Polygonum Type. Before fertilization, the two polar nuclei fuse into a secondary nucleus. Fertilization is porogamous. The development of the endosperm is of the Nuclear Type. However, the two species show variation in the following features: the number of cell layers which form the anther locule wall; construction of the wall of the mature anther; cell number in mature pollen grains; ovule number in cross sections of placentae; degree of ovule curvature; character of the hypostase and seed shape. In a comparison with the other taxa in the tribe Gentianeae using embryological features, Megacodon is referred to as an independent genus and should be treated as a member of the subtribe Swertiinae; Veratrilla is better separated from Swertia s.l. as an independent genus. Veratrilla is more derived than Swertia s.s. and shows a close relationship with S. tetraptera. (c) 2005 The Linnean Society of London.|
|作者单位||Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China|
Xue, CY,Li, DZ. Embryology of Megacodon stylophorus and Veratrilla baillonii (Gentianaceae): descriptions and systematic implications[J]. BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY,2005,147(3):317-331.
Xue, CY,&Li, DZ.(2005).Embryology of Megacodon stylophorus and Veratrilla baillonii (Gentianaceae): descriptions and systematic implications.BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY,147(3),317-331.
Xue, CY,et al."Embryology of Megacodon stylophorus and Veratrilla baillonii (Gentianaceae): descriptions and systematic implications".BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 147.3(2005):317-331.