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题名: New fossil endocarps of Sambucus (Adoxaceae) from the upper Pliocene in SW China
作者: Huang, Yongjiang1, 3; Jacques, Frederic M. B.2, 4; Liu, Yu-Sheng (Christopher)5; Su, Tao2; Xing, Yaowu2; Xiao, Xianghui6; Zhou, Zhekun1, 2
刊名: REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY
关键词: Sambucus ; Adoxaceae ; Upper Pliocene ; Sanying Formation ; Yunnan ; Southwest China
英文摘要: A new species of fossil endocarp is described from the Sanying Formation of the upper Pliocene at Fudong Village, Lanping County of northwestern Yunnan Province, Southwest China. The endocarps are elliptic, ovate or oblong elliptic, 2.1-2.5 mm long and 1.2-1.7 mm wide. The dorsal face is convex and the ventral is concave or more flattened. The endocarp surface is loosely, transversely or sinuously furrowed and ridged, forming a reticulate and alveolate pattern on the ridges, and the inner wall of the surface cells on the ridges is flaky and scaly. They are morphologically compared with selected extant genera of Adoxaceae and Caprifoliaceae. The interspecific comparisons show diagnostic differences of the fossil endocarps from the selected modern species and other fossil taxa, supporting their recognition as a new species: Sambucus alveolatisemina Huang, Liu et Zhou, sp. nov. Previous records of the reliable Sambucus fossils were from mid-high latitude regions in Europe, northeastern Asia and northern North America. Therefore, it is interesting to note that S. alveolatisemina represents a fossil record from a low latitude region. Sambucus apparently has existed at low latitudes in China at least since the upper Pliocene. A review of other Sambucus fossil occurrences indicates that plants of this genus have been living at higher latitudes in the geological past than they are at present. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
出版日期: 2012-02-01
卷号: 171, 页码:152-163
DOI标识: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2011.11.008
语种: 英语
ISSN号: 0034-6667
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/10473
Appears in Collections:中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Mengla 666303, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Lab Palaeobot & Palynol, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
5.E Tennessee State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Johnson City, TN 37614 USA
6.Argonne Natl Lab, Lemont, IL 60439 USA

Recommended Citation:
Huang, YJ; Jacques, FMB; Liu, YS; Su, T; Xing, YW; Xiao, XH; Zhou, ZK.New fossil endocarps of Sambucus (Adoxaceae) from the upper Pliocene in SW China,REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY,2012,171():152-163
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