Looking for the undiscovered asexual taxa: case studies from lesser studied life modes and habitats
Wijayawardene,N. N.; Phillips,A. J. L.; Tibpromma,S.; Dai,D. Q.; Selbmann,L.; Monteiro,J. S.; Aptroot,A.; Flakus,A.; Rajeshkumar,K. C.; Coleine,C.; Pereira,D. C.; Fan,X.; Zhang,L.; Maharachchikumbura,S. S. N.; Souza,M. F.; Kukwa,M.; Suwannarach,N.; Rodriguez-Flakus,P.; Ashtekar,N.; Dauner,L.; Tang,L. Z.; Jin,X. C.; Karunarathna,S. C.
Source PublicationMYCOSPHERE
AbstractFungi are vital functional members of the biosphere, playing a crucial role in sustaining ecosystems by maintaining the nutrient balance. Many studies have verified the abundance of fungi across all-natural ecosystems and habitats, such as in forests, fresh-water (including both lentic or lotic), marine environments and deserts. With the focus previously on temperate regions and to a lesser extent biodiversity hotspots, the fungi in other areas remain overlooked. Therefore, it is imperative for mycologists to focus on taxa from these less-studied habitats, those dwelling on a vast number of hosts, and fungi that co-exist with other life forms. Molecular tools have been vital for species identification, in phylogeny, and linking sexual and asexual morphs. Identification of taxa based on the phylogenetic species concept, which relies on multiple loci and concordance of more than one gene genealogy, reduces subjectivity when determining the limits of a phylogenetic species. Large numbers of fungi inhabit biodiversity hotspots; however, they are underexplored owing to the vast diversity present and lack of studies. As examples of illustrating the undiscovered asexual fungi, this paper reports one new genus (Uniappendiculata Tibpromma), six new species (Caprettia lichexanthotricha Aptroot & M.F. Souza, Hermatomyces maharashtraense Rajeshkumar et al., Lichenoconium hawksworthii Flakus et al., Phaeobotryon spiraeae L.X. Zhang & X.L. Fan, Rachicladosporium aridum L. Selbmann & C. Coleine and Uniappendiculata kunmingensis Tibpromma) and one new host and country record (Apiculospora spartii Wijayaw. et al.). The paper discusses the biodiversity rich areas of South-Western China, South America and India, less studied habitats (rock inhabiting fungi, lichens with conidiomata and lichenicolous fungi), and geographically widespread, but lesser studied hosts to show substantial studies are needed to reveal the extent of fungal diversity. The impact of discovering cryptic species on cataloguing fungal species numbers is also discussed. Each section exemplifies the status of the current research in that genus and future work that is needed.
WOS IDWOS:000739205000001
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.[Wijayawardene, N. N.
2.Dai, D. Q.
3.Jin, X. C.] Qujing Normal Univ, Coll Biol Resource & Food Engn, Ctr Yunnan Plateau Biol Resources Protect & Utili, Qujing 655011, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.[Wijayawardene, N. N.] Inst Res & Dev Hlth & Social Care, Sect Genet, 393-3 Lily Ave, Battaramulla 10120, Sri Lanka
5.[Phillips, A. J. L.
6.Pereira, D. C.] Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, Biosyst & Integrat Sci Inst BioISI, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal
7.[Tibpromma, S.
8.Karunarathna, S. C.] World Agroforestry Ctr, CIFOR ICRAF, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
9.Dauner, L.
10.Karunarathna, S. C.] Kunming Inst Bot, Ctr Mt Futures CMF, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
11.[Selbmann, L.
12.Coleine, C.] Univ Tuscia, Dept Ecol & Biol Sci, Viterbo, Italy
13.[Selbmann, L.] Italian Natl Antarctic Museum MNA, Mycol Sect, Genoa, Italy
14.[Monteiro, J. S.] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Coordinat Bot, BR-66077830 Belem, Para, Brazil
15.[Monteiro, J. S.] Inst Tecnol Vale, Rua Boaventura Silva 955, BR-66055090 Belem, Para, Brazil
16.[Aptroot, A.
17.Souza, M. F.] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, Inst Biociencias, Lab Bot Liquenol, Ave Costa & Silva S-N, BR-79070900 Campo Grande, MS, Brazil
18.[Flakus, A.
19.Rodriguez-Flakus, P.] Polish Acad Sci, W Szafer Inst Bot, Lubicz 46, PL-31512 Krakow, Poland
20.[Rajeshkumar, K. C.
21.Ashtekar, N.] MACS Agharkar Res Inst, Biodivers & Palaeobiol Grp, Natl Fungal Culture Collect India NFCCI, GG Agarkar Rd, Pune 411004, Maharashtra, India
22.[Fan, X.
23.Zhang, L.] Beijing Forestry Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Silviculture & Conservat, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
24.[Maharachchikumbura, S. S. N.] Univ Elect Sci & Technol China, Ctr Informat Biol, Sch Life Sci & Technol, Chengdu 611731, Peoples R China
25.[Kukwa, M.] Univ Gdansk, Fac Biol, Dept Plant Taxon & Nat Conservat, Wita Stwosza 59, PL-80308 Gdansk, Poland
26.[Suwannarach, N.] Chiang Mai Univ, Fac Sci, Res Ctr Microbial Divers & Sustainable Utilizat, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
27.[Tang, L. Z.] Jiangxi Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Nanchang 330022, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wijayawardene,N. N.,Phillips,A. J. L.,Tibpromma,S.,et al. Looking for the undiscovered asexual taxa: case studies from lesser studied life modes and habitats[J]. MYCOSPHERE,2021,12(1):1186-1229.
APA Wijayawardene,N. N..,Phillips,A. J. L..,Tibpromma,S..,Dai,D. Q..,Selbmann,L..,...&Karunarathna,S. C..(2021).Looking for the undiscovered asexual taxa: case studies from lesser studied life modes and habitats.MYCOSPHERE,12(1),1186-1229.
MLA Wijayawardene,N. N.,et al."Looking for the undiscovered asexual taxa: case studies from lesser studied life modes and habitats".MYCOSPHERE 12.1(2021):1186-1229.
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