Foundation species across a latitudinal gradient in China
Qiao,Xiujuan; Zhang,Jiaxin; Wang,Zhong; Xu,Yaozhan; Zhou,Tianyang; Mi,Xiangcheng; Cao,Min; Ye,Wanhui; Jin,Guangze; Hao,Zhanqing; Wang,Xugao; Wang,Xihua; Tian,Songyan; Li,Xiankun; Xiang,Wusheng; Liu,Yankun; Shao,Yingnan; Xu,Kun; Sang,Weiguo; Zeng,Fuping; Ren,Haibao; Jiang,Mingxi; Ellison,Aaron M.
Source PublicationECOLOGY
AbstractFoundation species structure forest communities and ecosystems but are difficult to identify without long-term observations or experiments. We used statistical criteria--outliers from size-frequency distributions and scale-dependent negative effects on alpha diversity and positive effects on beta diversity--to identify candidate foundation woody plant species in 12 large forest-dynamics plots spanning 26 degrees of latitude in China. We used these data (1) to identify candidate foundation species in Chinese forests, (2) to test the hypothesis--based on observations of a midlatitude peak in functional trait diversity and high local species richness but few numerically dominant species in tropical forests--that foundation woody plant species are more frequent in temperate than tropical or boreal forests, and (3) to compare these results with data from the Americas to suggest candidate foundation genera in northern hemisphere forests. Using the most stringent criteria, only two species of Acer, the canopy tree Acer ukurunduense and the shrubby treelet Acer barbinerve, were identified in temperate plots as candidate foundation species. Using more relaxed criteria, we identified four times more candidate foundation species in temperate plots (including species of Acer, Pinus, Juglans, Padus, Tilia, Fraxinus, Prunus, Taxus, Ulmus, and Corlyus) than in (sub)tropical plots (the treelets or shrubs Aporosa yunnanensis, Ficus hispida, Brassaiopsis glomerulata, and Orophea laui). Species diversity of co-occurring woody species was negatively associated with basal area of candidate foundation species more frequently at 5- and 10-m spatial grains (scale) than at a 20-m grain. Conversely, Bray-Curtis dissimilarity was positively associated with basal area of candidate foundation species more frequently at 5-m than at 10- or 20-m grains. Both stringent and relaxed criteria supported the hypothesis that foundation species are more common in mid-latitude temperate forests. Comparisons of candidate foundation species in Chinese and North American forests suggest that Acer be investigated further as a foundation tree genus.
Keywordbeta diversity biodiversity China CForBio codispersion analysis forest‐ dynamics plots ForestGEO latitudinal gradient CODISPERSION ANALYSIS SPATIAL-PATTERNS LONG-TERM FOREST DYNAMICS COMMUNITY CANOPY MONODOMINANCE CONSEQUENCES FRAMEWORK
WOS IDWOS:000594055600001
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Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Wuhan Bot Garden, Key Lab Aquat Bot & Watershed Ecol, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Core Bot Gardens, Ctr Conservat Biol, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China
3.Univ CAS, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Wuhan Univ, Dept Ecol, Coll Life Sci, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
5.Inst Bot CAS, State Key Lab Vegetat & Environm Change, Beijing 100093, Peoples R China
6.Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden CAS, Kunming 650023, Yunnan, Peoples R China
7.South China Bot Garden CAS, Guangzhou 510650, Peoples R China
8.Northeast Forestry Univ, Ctr Ecol Res, Harbin 150040, Peoples R China
9.Northwestern Polytech Univ, Sch Ecol & Environm, Xian 710129, Peoples R China
10.Inst Appl Ecol CAS, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China
11.East China Normal Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China
12.Key Lab Forest Ecol & Forestry Ecol Engn Heilongj, Harbin 150040, Peoples R China
13.Guangxi Inst Bot, Guangxi Key Lab Plant Conservat & Restorat Ecol K, Guilin 541006, Guangxi Zhuang, Peoples R China
14.Chinese Acad Sci, Guilin 541006, Peoples R China
15.Natl Positioning Observat Stn Mudanjiang Forest E, Mudanjiang 157500, Peoples R China
16.Kunming Inst Bot CAS, Lijiang Forest Ecosyst Res Stn, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
17.Minzu Univ China, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
18.Inst Subtrop Agr CAS, Key Lab Agroecol Proc Subtrop Reg, Changsha 410125, Peoples R China
19.Ellison, Aaron M.] Harvard Univ, Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA 01366 USA
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GB/T 7714
Qiao,Xiujuan,Zhang,Jiaxin,Wang,Zhong,et al. Foundation species across a latitudinal gradient in China[J]. ECOLOGY,2021,102(2):e03234.
APA Qiao,Xiujuan.,Zhang,Jiaxin.,Wang,Zhong.,Xu,Yaozhan.,Zhou,Tianyang.,...&Ellison,Aaron M..(2021).Foundation species across a latitudinal gradient in China.ECOLOGY,102(2),e03234.
MLA Qiao,Xiujuan,et al."Foundation species across a latitudinal gradient in China".ECOLOGY 102.2(2021):e03234.
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