Homegarden agroecosystems managed by Salar people on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
Zhu,Mingjing; Luo,Binsheng; La,Ben; Chen,Ruijie; Liu,Fenggui; Long,Chunlin
AbstractBackgroundSalar is a Turkic-speaking Islamic ethnic group in China living mainly in Xunhua Salar Autonomous County (Xunhua or Xunhua County), Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Salar people are skilled in horticulture and their homegarden (HG) management. They are regarded as the first people on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to practice horticulture, especially manage their HGs, traditional farming systems, and supplementary food production systems. Traditional knowledge of Salar people associated with their HGs always contributes significantly to the local livelihood, food security, ornamental value, and biodiversity conservation. The cultivation of different plants in HGs for self-sufficiency has a long tradition in China's rural areas, especially in some mountainous areas. However, Salar traditional HGs have not been described. The present paper aims to report the features of Salar HGs mostly based on agrobiodiversity and its ecosystem services.MethodsThe methods used in this work included semi-structured interviews and participatory observation. A total of 60 households in three townships, 9 villages were surveyed. There are 4-12 family members in each household, aged from 20 to 86 years old. The homestead size is between 200 and 1200 m(2). Plant species cultivated in Salar HGs were identified according to Flora of China. Based on a comprehensive survey of Salar HGs and related to background data, we identified and characterized the most important services and functions provided by Salar HGs.ResultsAccording to primary production systems, there are 4 different types of Salar HGs, including ornamental focus, product focus, dual-purpose and multi-purpose. In total, 108 (excluding weeds and bonsai) plant species were recorded in Salar HGs, within 43 plant families. The most important and frequently used plants are Rosa chinensis, Armeniaca vulgar, Prunus salicina, and Ziziphus jujuba. About 4 to 32 plant species were recorded in each homegarden. We found that the Salar HGs, as a typical agroecosyste, prossess multiple servcices and functions that directly benefit households according to the field investigation.ConclusionThis paper reveals the floristic diversity of Salar HGs. It presents useful information in the homegarden agroecosystem of Salar people, such as HG types and species diversity in Salar HGs. Ecosystem functions and services research suggested that the Salar HG agroecosystem provides agroecosystem services mainly related to supply and culture services. Salar HGs are important as food supplement resources, aesthetics symbol, and cultural spaces.
KeywordHomegarden Traditional culture Agrobiodiversity Ecosystem services Salar people HOME GARDENS AGROBIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION DIVERSITY
WOS IDWOS:000632958700003
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Qinghai Normal Univ, Coll Geog Sci, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
2.Minzu Univ China, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
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Zhu,Mingjing,Luo,Binsheng,La,Ben,et al. Homegarden agroecosystems managed by Salar people on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,2021,17(1):20.
APA Zhu,Mingjing,Luo,Binsheng,La,Ben,Chen,Ruijie,Liu,Fenggui,&Long,Chunlin.(2021).Homegarden agroecosystems managed by Salar people on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,17(1),20.
MLA Zhu,Mingjing,et al."Homegarden agroecosystems managed by Salar people on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau".JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE 17.1(2021):20.
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