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The contribution of insects to global forest deadwood decomposition
Seibold,Sebastian; Rammer,Werner; Hothorn,Torsten; Seidl,Rupert; Ulyshen,Michael D.; Lorz,Janina; Cadotte,Marc W.; Lindenmayer,David B.; Adhikari,Yagya P.; Aragon,Roxana; Bae,Soyeon; Baldrian,Petr; Varandi,Hassan Barimani; Barlow,Jos; Bassler,Claus; Beauchene,Jacques; Berenguer,Erika; Bergamin,Rodrigo S.; Birkemoe,Tone; Boros,Gergely; Brandl,Roland; Brustel,Herve; Burton,Philip J.; Cakpo-Tossou,Yvonne T.; Castro,Jorge; Cateau,Eugenie; Cobb,Tyler P.; Farwig,Nina; Fernandez,Romina D.; Firn,Jennifer; Gan,Kee Seng; Gonzalez,Grizelle; Gossner,Martin M.; Habel,Jan C.; Hebert,Christian; Heibl,Christoph; Heikkala,Osmo; Hemp,Andreas; Hemp,Claudia; Hjalten,Joakim; Hotes,Stefan; Kouki,Jari; Lachat,Thibault; Liu,Jie; Liu,Yu; Luo,Ya-Huang; Macandog,Damasa M.; Martina,Pablo E.; Mukul,Sharif A.; Nachin,Baatarbileg; Nisbet,Kurtis; O'Halloran,John; Oxbrough,Anne; Pandey,Jeev Nath; Pavlicek,Tomas; Pawson,Stephen M.; Rakotondranary,Jacques S.; Ramanamanjato,Jean-Baptiste; Rossi,Liana; Schmidl,Jurgen; Schulze,Mark; Seaton,Stephen; Stone,Marisa J.; Stork,Nigel E.; Suran,Byambagerel; Sverdrup-Thygeson,Anne; Thorn,Simon; Thyagarajan,Ganesh; Wardlaw,Timothy J.; Weisser,Wolfgang W.; Yoon,Sungsoo; Zhang,Naili; Mueller,Jorg
2021
Source PublicationNATURE
ISSN0028-0836
Volume597Issue:7874Pages:77+
AbstractThe amount of carbon stored in deadwood is equivalent to about 8 per cent of the global forest carbon stocks(1). The decomposition of deadwood is largely governed by climate(2-5) with decomposer groups-such as microorganisms and insects-contributing to variations in the decomposition rates(2,6,7). At the global scale, the contribution of insects to the decomposition of deadwood and carbon release remains poorly understood(7). Here we present a field experiment of wood decomposition across 55 forest sites and 6 continents. We find that the deadwood decomposition rates increase with temperature, and the strongest temperature effect is found at high precipitation levels. Precipitation affects the decomposition rates negatively at low temperatures and positively at high temperatures. As a net effect-including the direct consumption by insects and indirect effects through interactions with microorganisms-insects accelerate the decomposition in tropical forests (3.9% median mass loss per year). In temperate and boreal forests, we find weak positive and negative effects with a median mass loss of 0.9 per cent and -0.1 per cent per year, respectively. Furthermore, we apply the experimentally derived decomposition function to a global map of deadwood carbon synthesized from empirical and remote-sensing data, obtaining an estimate of 10.9 +/- 3.2 petagram of carbon per year released from deadwood globally, with 93 per cent originating from tropical forests. Globally, the net effect of insects may account for 29 per cent of the carbon flux from deadwood, which suggests a functional importance of insects in the decomposition of deadwood and the carbon cycle.Multi-year field experiments across six continents suggest that insects have an important contribution to decomposition and carbon release from forest deadwood.
KeywordCOARSE WOODY DEBRIS CARBON SINK CLIMATE TEMPERATURE METAANALYSIS TERRESTRIAL SEASONALITY GRASSLANDS INCREASES COMMUNITY
DOI10.1038/s41586-021-03740-8
WOS IDWOS:000692498300016
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/73324
Collection中国科学院昆明植物研究所
Affiliation1.Tech Univ Munich, Sch Life Sci, Ecosyst Dynam & Forest Management Grp, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
2.Berchtesgaden Natl Pk, Berchtesgaden, Germany
3.Univ Zurich, Epidemiol Biostat & Prevent Inst, Zurich, Switzerland
4.Ulyshen, Michael D.] US Forest Serv, Southern Res Stn, USDA, Athens, GA USA
5.Univ Wurzburg, Field Stn Fabrikschleichach, Rauhenebrach, Germany
6.Cadotte, Marc W.] Univ Toronto Scarborough, Biol Sci, Toronto, ON, Canada
7.Lindenmayer, David B.] Australian Natl Univ, Fenner Sch Environm & Soc, Canberra, ACT, Australia
8.Adhikari, Yagya P.] Univ Bayreuth, Dept Biogeog, Bayreuth, Germany
9.Adhikari, Yagya P.] Univ Bayreuth, Dept Disturbance Ecol, Bayreuth, Germany
10.Aragon, Roxana; Fernandez, Romina D.] Univ Nacl Tucuman, Inst Ecol Reg, CONICET, Yerba Buena, Argentina
11.Univ Wurzburg, Dept Anim Ecol & Trop Biol, Wurzburg, Germany
12.Czech Acad Sci, Inst Microbiol, Lab Environm Microbiol, Prague, Czech Republic
13.Agr & Nat Resources Res Ctr Mazandaran, Sari, Iran
14.Univ Lancaster, Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster, England
15.Univ Fed Lavras, Lavras, Brazil
16.Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Dept Biodivers Conservat, Frankfurt, Germany
17.Bavarian Forest Natl Pk, Grafenau, Germany
18.Univ Guyane, Univ Antilles, INRA,CIRAD, CNRS,AgroParisTech,UMR Ecol Forets Guyane EcoFoG, Kourou, France
19.Univ Oxford, Environm Change Inst, Oxford, England
20.Bergamin, Rodrigo S.] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Grassland Vegetat Lab, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
21.Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management, As, Norway
22.Ctr Ecol Res, Inst Ecol & Bot, Vacratot, Hungary
23.Hungarian Univ Agr & Life Sci, Inst Wildlife Management & Nat Conservat, Godollo, Hungary
24.Univ Marburg, Anim Ecol, Marburg, Germany
25.Univ Toulouse, Ecole Ingenieurs Purpan, UMR 1201 Dynafor, Toulouse, France
26.Burton, Philip J.] Univ Northern British Columbia, Ecosyst Sci & Management Program, Terrace, BC, Canada
27.Cakpo-Tossou, Yvonne T.] Univ Abomey Calavi, Lab Appl Ecol, Godomey, Benin
28.Univ Granada, Dept Ecol, Granada, Spain
29.Reserves Nat France, Dijon, France
30.Cobb, Tyler P.] Royal Alberta Museum, Edmonton, AB, Canada
31.Univ Marburg, Conservat Ecol, Marburg, Germany
32.Queensland Univ Technol, Sci & Engn Fac, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
33.Inst Future Environm, Ctr Environm, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
34.Forest Res Inst Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
35.US Forest Serv, Int Inst Trop Forestry, USDA, San Juan, PR USA
36.Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Forest Entomol, Birmensdorf, Switzerland
37.Habel, Jan C.] Univ Salzburg, Evolutionary Zool, Salzburg, Austria
38.Canadian Forest Serv, Nat Resources Canada, Quebec City, PQ, Canada
39.Eurofins Ahma Oy, Oulu, Finland
40.Univ Bayreuth, Dept Plant Systemat, Bayreuth, Germany
41.Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, Umea, Sweden
42.Chuo Univ, Appl Landscape Ecol, Tokyo, Japan
43.Univ Eastern Finland, Sch Forest Sci, Joensuu, Finland
44.Bern Univ Appl Sci, Sch Agr Forest & Food Sci, Zollikofen, Switzerland
45.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, CAS Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
46.East China Normal Univ, ECNU Alberta Joint Lab Biodivers Study, Tiantong Natl Stn Forest Ecosyst Res, Shanghai, Peoples R China
47.Macandog, Damasa M.] Univ Philippines Los Banos, Inst Biol Sci, Laguna, Philippines
48.Martina, Pablo E.] Univ Nacl Nordeste, Dept Thermodynam, Resistencia, Argentina
49.Mukul, Sharif A.] Univ Sunshine Coast, Trop Forests & People Res Ctr, Maroochydore, Qld, Australia
50.Natl Univ Mongolia, Forest Ecosyst Monitoring Lab, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
51.Griffith Univ, Sch Environm & Sci, Nathan, Qld, Australia
52.Univ Coll Cork, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Cork, Ireland
53.Edge Hill Univ, Ormskirk, England
54.Tribhuvan Univ, Inst Forestry, Pokhara, Nepal
55.Univ Haifa, Inst Evolut, Haifa, Israel
56.Pawson, Stephen M.] Scion New Zealand Forest Res Inst, Christchurch, New Zealand
57.Pawson, Stephen M.] Univ Canterbury, Sch Forestry, Christchurch, New Zealand
58.Rakotondranary, Jacques S.] Univ Hamburg, Inst Zool, Hamburg, Germany
59.Rakotondranary, Jacques S.] Univ Antananarivo, Fa Sci, Antananarivo, Madagascar
60.Trop Biodivers & Social Enterprise, Ft Dauphin, Madagascar
61.Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Rio Claro, Brazil
62.Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Ecol Grp, Erlangen, Germany
63.HJ Andrews Expt Forest, Blue River, OR USA
64.Murdoch Univ, Environm & Conservat Sci, Melville, WA, Australia
65.Stone, Marisa J.; Stork, Nigel E.] Griffith Univ, Environm Futures Res Inst, Nathan, Qld, Australia
66.Ashoka Trust Res Ecol & Environm, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
67.Wardlaw, Timothy J.] Univ Tasmania, ARC Ctr Forest Value, Hobart, Tas, Australia
68.Seibold, Sebastian; Weisser, Wolfgang W.] Tech Univ Munich, Sch Life Sci, Terr Ecol Res Grp, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
69.Natl Inst Ecol, EcoBank Team, Seocheon Gun, South Korea
70.Beijing Forestry Univ, Coll Forestry, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Seibold,Sebastian,Rammer,Werner,Hothorn,Torsten,et al. The contribution of insects to global forest deadwood decomposition[J]. NATURE,2021,597(7874):77+.
APA Seibold,Sebastian.,Rammer,Werner.,Hothorn,Torsten.,Seidl,Rupert.,Ulyshen,Michael D..,...&Mueller,Jorg.(2021).The contribution of insects to global forest deadwood decomposition.NATURE,597(7874),77+.
MLA Seibold,Sebastian,et al."The contribution of insects to global forest deadwood decomposition".NATURE 597.7874(2021):77+.
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