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From the Wild to the Cup: Tracking Footprints of the Tea Species in Time and Space
Wambulwa,Moses C.; Meegahakumbura,Muditha K.; Kamunya,Samson; Wachira,Francis N.
2021
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN NUTRITION
ISSN2296-861X
Volume8Pages:706770
AbstractTea is one of the world's most popular beverages, known for its cultural significance and numerous health benefits. A clear understanding of the origin and history of domestication of the tea species is a fundamental pre-requisite for effective germplasm conservation and improvement. Though there is a general consensus about the center of origin of the tea plant, the evolutionary origin and expansion history of the species remain shrouded in controversy, with studies often reporting conflicting findings. This mini review provides a concise summary of the current state of knowledge regarding the origin, domestication, and dissemination of the species around the world. We note that tea was domesticated around 3000 B.C. either from non-tea wild relatives (probably Camellia grandibracteata and/or C. leptophylla) or intra-specifically from the wild Camellia sinensis var. assamica trees, and that the genetic origins of the various tea varieties may need further inquiry. Moreover, we found that lineage divergence within the tea family was apparently largely driven by a combination of orogenic, climatic, and human-related forces, a fact that could have important implications for conservation of the contemporary tea germplasm. Finally, we demonstrate the robustness of an integrative approach involving linguistics, historical records, and genetics to identify the center of origin of the tea species, and to infer its history of expansion. Throughout the review, we identify areas of debate, and highlight potential research gaps, which lay a foundation for future explorations of the topic.
Keywordtea Camellia sinensis footprints of tea wild tea origin of tea tea domestication expansion history AMPLIFIED POLYMORPHIC DNA CAMELLIA-SINENSIS GENETIC DIVERSITY CLIMATE RELATIVES DIFFERENTIATION DOMESTICATION INSIGHTS HIMALAYA ORIGIN
DOI10.3389/fnut.2021.706770
WOS IDWOS:000687590500001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/73268
Collection中国科学院昆明植物研究所
Affiliation1.[Wambulwa, Moses C.; Wachira, Francis N.] South Eastern Kenya Univ, Dept Life Sci, Kitui, Kenya
2.Wambulwa, Moses C.] Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Meegahakumbura, Muditha K.] Coconut Res Inst Sri Lanka, Genet & Plant Breeding Div, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka
4.Kenya Agr & Livestock Res Org, Tea Res Inst KALRO TRI, Kericho, Kenya
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wambulwa,Moses C.,Meegahakumbura,Muditha K.,Kamunya,Samson,et al. From the Wild to the Cup: Tracking Footprints of the Tea Species in Time and Space[J]. FRONTIERS IN NUTRITION,2021,8:706770.
APA Wambulwa,Moses C.,Meegahakumbura,Muditha K.,Kamunya,Samson,&Wachira,Francis N..(2021).From the Wild to the Cup: Tracking Footprints of the Tea Species in Time and Space.FRONTIERS IN NUTRITION,8,706770.
MLA Wambulwa,Moses C.,et al."From the Wild to the Cup: Tracking Footprints of the Tea Species in Time and Space".FRONTIERS IN NUTRITION 8(2021):706770.
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