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Wild plants used by the Lhoba people in Douyu Village, characterized by high mountains and valleys, in southeastern Tibet, China
Chen,Wen-Yun; Yang,Tao; Yang,Jun; Qiu,Zhu-Chuan; Ding,Xiao-Yong; Wang,Yu-Hua; Wang,Yue-Hu
2021
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE
ISSN1746-4269
Volume17Issue:1Pages:46
AbstractBackground Douyu Village, inhabited by the Lhoba people, is situated within the Eastern Himalayas, in southeastern Tibet, China. The village is located among high mountains and valleys, which feature complex terrain with cold and dry climates and distinctive vegetation types and species. The Lhoba people in this village are isolated from other groups in China. The Lhoba people have lived in this village since the 15th century and mainly depended on gathering, hunting, and swidden agriculture before the 1960s. Because they have a long history and live under extreme climatic, geographical, and ecological conditions, the Lhoba people in Douyu Village may have unique traditional knowledge about wild plants. Thus, this research aims to record the traditional botanical knowledge of the Lhoba people in Douyu. Methods An ethnobotanical study was conducted on the Lhoba people in Douyu Village in Longzi County, Tibet, China. Semi-structured interviews and group discussions with informed consent were used in the study. We interviewed 41 informants (14 key informants) between 18 and 75 years of age. All information was collected, organized, and compiled into use reports for quantitative analysis. The informant consensus factor (ICF) was used to determine the homogeneity of the informants' knowledge of medicinal plants, while the cultural importance index (CI) was used to estimate the cultural importance of shared species. Results A total of 91 wild species (90 vascular plants and 1 fungus) belonging to 71 genera and 39 families utilized by the Lhoba people in Douyu were documented. Of these species, Pimpinella xizangense and Wikstroemia lungtzeensis are endemic to Longzi County, while Sinopodophyllum hexandrum and Paeonia ludlowii are endangered species in China. All habitats, from the field vegetation at the valley bottoms to the alpine shrubland and meadows, were used for plant collection, and the numbers of species of plants collected from the various vegetation types (except for fields) decreased with increasing altitude. Our study found that 55 species are edible plants and fungi, 29 species are medicinal plants, and 38 species are used for other purposes. Medicinal plants are used for 11 categories of diseases, among which diseases of blood-forming organs (ICF = 0.96) and gastrointestinal diseases (ICF = 0.95) exhibited the highest ICF values. Based on the CI values, the most important plants in this study area are Berberis xanthophloea, B. kongboensis, Sinopodophyllum hexandrum, Vicatia thibetica, and Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. gyantsensis. Moreover, a comparison of the wild plants used by Lhoba ethnic groups in three counties in China showed significant differences among these regions. Conclusions Our study demonstrates that the wild plants utilized by the Lhoba people in Douyu Village are highly diverse, at 90 plant and one fungal species, which reflects not only the number of species but also their diversified functions. The extreme climatic, geographical, and ecological conditions of Douyu within the high mountains and valleys of the Eastern Himalayas potentially affect the Lhoba people's culture, including plant utilization practices, and contribute to the rich diversity of the wild plants used by the local people.
KeywordEthnobotany Traditional knowledge Lhoba people Eastern Himalayas Semiarid climates Tibet MEDICINAL-PLANTS BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION DIVERSITY
DOI10.1186/s13002-021-00472-x
WOS IDWOS:000677836300001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/73239
Collection中国科学院昆明植物研究所
Affiliation1.[Chen, Wen-Yun
2.Yang, Tao
3.Yang, Jun
4.Qiu, Zhu-Chuan
5.Ding, Xiao-Yong
6.Wang, Yu-Hua
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Econ Plants & Biotechnol, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Yunnan Key Lab Wild Plant Resources, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
9.[Yang, Tao
10.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen,Wen-Yun,Yang,Tao,Yang,Jun,et al. Wild plants used by the Lhoba people in Douyu Village, characterized by high mountains and valleys, in southeastern Tibet, China[J]. JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,2021,17(1):46.
APA Chen,Wen-Yun.,Yang,Tao.,Yang,Jun.,Qiu,Zhu-Chuan.,Ding,Xiao-Yong.,...&Wang,Yue-Hu.(2021).Wild plants used by the Lhoba people in Douyu Village, characterized by high mountains and valleys, in southeastern Tibet, China.JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE,17(1),46.
MLA Chen,Wen-Yun,et al."Wild plants used by the Lhoba people in Douyu Village, characterized by high mountains and valleys, in southeastern Tibet, China".JOURNAL OF ETHNOBIOLOGY AND ETHNOMEDICINE 17.1(2021):46.
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