Resource diversity of Chinese macrofungi: edible, medicinal and poisonous species
Wu, Fang1; Zhou, Li-Wei2,3; Yang, Zhu-Liang4; Bau, Tolgor5; Li, Tai-Hui6; Dai, Yu-Cheng7
Corresponding AuthorDai, Yu-Cheng(
Source PublicationFUNGAL DIVERSITY
AbstractThe huge land areas in China provide highly diverse habitats for macrofungi. Of these macrofungi, many are directly related to people's daily life and have been utilized by ancient Chinese for at least 6800 years. In this study, we evaluate the current known resource diversity of Chinese macrofungi. A total of 1662 taxa are summarized, and all species names and their authorities have been checked and corrected according to authentic mycological databases. Among the 1662 taxa, 1020, 692, and 480 are considered to be edible, medicinal and poisonous mushrooms, respectively. A few of edible macrofungi in China are commonly used for commercial production. All known medicinal functions are labeled for medicinal species. The most common medicinal functions possessed by Chinese macrofungi are antitumor or anticancer, followed by antioxidant and antimicrobial. A total of 277 Chinese macrofungi are edible simultaneously with certain medicinal functions and without known toxicity. These species could be treated as "Gold Mushrooms". Contrarily, 193 edible and/or medicinal species are also recognized as poisonous mushrooms. To avoid poisoning caused by these species, ingestion either in a proper way or in small amounts is important. However, the mycotoxins metabolized by these poisonous species could be a huge wealth of natural products yet to be explored. How to utilize these Chinese macrofungal resources is a critical to benefit humans worldwide.
KeywordEconomic fungi Edible mushroom Fungal toxicity Medicinal function Nomenclature
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
WOS Research AreaMycology
WOS SubjectMycology
WOS IDWOS:000491494200001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:25[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorDai, Yu-Cheng
Affiliation1.Beijing Forestry Univ, Sch Ecol & Nat Conservat, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Appl Ecol, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Microbiol, State Key Lab Mycol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, CAS Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, Peoples R China
5.Jilin Agr Univ, Chinese Minist Educ Edible & Med Fungi, Engn Res Ctr, Changchun 130118, Jilin, Peoples R China
6.Guangdong Inst Microbiol, Guangzhou 510070, Guangdong, Peoples R China
7.Beijing Forestry Univ, Beijing Adv Innovat Ctr Tree Breeding Mol Design, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Fang,Zhou, Li-Wei,Yang, Zhu-Liang,et al. Resource diversity of Chinese macrofungi: edible, medicinal and poisonous species[J]. FUNGAL DIVERSITY,2019,98(1):1-76.
APA Wu, Fang,Zhou, Li-Wei,Yang, Zhu-Liang,Bau, Tolgor,Li, Tai-Hui,&Dai, Yu-Cheng.(2019).Resource diversity of Chinese macrofungi: edible, medicinal and poisonous species.FUNGAL DIVERSITY,98(1),1-76.
MLA Wu, Fang,et al."Resource diversity of Chinese macrofungi: edible, medicinal and poisonous species".FUNGAL DIVERSITY 98.1(2019):1-76.
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