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Fast and abundant invitro spontaneous haustorium formation in root hemiparasitic plant Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim. (Orobanchaceae).
Xiang, Lei; Li, Yanmei; Sui, Xiaolin; Li, Airong
2018
Source PublicationPlant diversity
ISSN2468-2659
Volume40Issue:5Pages:226-231
AbstractHaustorium formation is the characteristic feature of all parasitic plants and a vital process for successful parasitism. Previous investigations on haustorium initiation and development are constricted to induced processes by host-derived signals or synthetic analogs. Spontaneous haustorium formation in the absence of host signals, a process representing an early stage in the evolution of parasitic plants, remains largely unexplored. Lack of fast and frequent formation of spontaneous haustoria greatly hinders full understanding of haustorium formation in root hemiparasites. In this study, seedlings of Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim., a facultative root hemiparasitic species in Orobanchaceae observed to produce many spontaneous haustoria, were grown in autoclaved water agar in the absence of any known haustorium-inducing stimulants. We aimed to test the temporal and developmental pattern of spontaneous haustorium formation. Also, effects of sucrose supply and root contact on spontaneous haustorium formation were tested. Spontaneous haustoria were observed starting from six days after germination, much earlier than previously reported root hemiparasites. A majority of the spontaneous haustoria formed on lateral roots. Percentage of seedlings with spontaneous haustoria was 28.8% when grown on water agar plates, with a mean of four haustoria per seedling two weeks after germination. Haustorium formation by seedlings grown in water agar amended with 2% sucrose was more than twice of those without sucrose amendment. Singly grown seedlings were able to develop spontaneous haustoria at similar levels as those grown with another conspecific seedling. In view of the fast and abundant formation of spontaneous haustoria, P.kansuensis may be developed as an excellent experimental system in future investigations for unraveling endogenous regulation of haustorium initiation and development in root hemiparasitic plants.
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/64783
Collection中国科学院昆明植物研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiang, Lei,Li, Yanmei,Sui, Xiaolin,et al. Fast and abundant invitro spontaneous haustorium formation in root hemiparasitic plant Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim. (Orobanchaceae).[J]. Plant diversity,2018,40(5):226-231.
APA Xiang, Lei,Li, Yanmei,Sui, Xiaolin,&Li, Airong.(2018).Fast and abundant invitro spontaneous haustorium formation in root hemiparasitic plant Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim. (Orobanchaceae)..Plant diversity,40(5),226-231.
MLA Xiang, Lei,et al."Fast and abundant invitro spontaneous haustorium formation in root hemiparasitic plant Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim. (Orobanchaceae).".Plant diversity 40.5(2018):226-231.
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