Thailand's amazing diversity: up to 96% of fungi in northern Thailand may be novel
Hyde, Kevin D.1,2; Norphanphoun, Chada2; Chen, Jie3; Dissanayake, Asha J.2; Doilom, Mingkwan1,4,5; Hongsanan, Sinang6,7; Jayawardena, Ruvishika S.2; Jeewon, Rajesh8; Perera, Rekhani H.2; Thongbai, Benjarong10,11; Wanasinghe, Dhanushka N.1,4; Wisitrassameewong, Komsit9; Tibpromma, Saowaluck1,2,4; Stadler, Marc10,11
2018-11-01
Source PublicationFUNGAL DIVERSITY
ISSN1560-2745
Volume93Issue:1Pages:215-239
Abstract

Fungi have been often neglected, despite the fact that they provided penicillin, lovastatin and many other important medicines. They are an understudied, but essential, fascinating and biotechnologically useful group of organisms. The study of fungi in northern Thailand has been carried out by us since 2005. These studies have been diverse, ranging from ecological aspects, phylogenetics with the incorportation of molecular dating, taxonomy (including morphology and chemotaxonomy) among a myriad of microfungi, to growing novel mushrooms, and DNA-based identification of plant pathogens. In this paper, advances in understanding the biodiversity of fungi in the region are discussed and compared with those further afield. Many new species have been inventoried for the region, but many unknown species remain to be described and/or catalogued. For example, in the edible genus Agaricus, over 35 new species have been introduced from northern Thailand, and numerous other taxa await description. In this relatively well known genus, 93% of species novelty is apparent. In the microfungi, which are relatively poorly studied, the percentage of novel species is, surprisingly, generally not as high (55-96%). As well as Thai fungi, fungi on several hosts from Europe have been also investigated. Even with the well studied European microfungi an astounding percentage of new taxa (32-76%) have been discovered. The work is just a beginning and it will be a daunting task to document this astonishingly high apparent novelty among fungi.

KeywordAgaricus Amanita Colletotrichum Cornus Fungal Diversity Pandanaceae Rosaceae Rosa Teak Fungi
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/63583
Collection中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorDoilom, Mingkwan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming Inst Bot, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Mae Fah Luang Univ, Ctr Excellence Fungal Res, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
3.Inst Ecol AC, Xalapa 91070, Veracruz, Mexico
4.World Agro Forestry Ctr, East & Cent Asia, 132 Lanhei Rd, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
5.Chiang Mai Univ, Dept Biol, Fac Sci, Chiang Rai 50200, Thailand
6.Shenzhen Univ, Shenzhen Key Lab Microbial Genet Engn, Coll Life Sci & Oceanog, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
7.Shenzhen Univ, Coll Optoelect Engn, Shenzhen Key Lab Laser Engn, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
8.Univ Mauritius, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Sci, Reduit 80837, Mauritius
9.Natl Sci Technol & Innovat Policy Off, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
10.Partner Site Hannover Braunschweig, Dept Microbial Drugs, Helmholtz Ctr Infect Res, Inhoffenstr 7, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany
11.Partner Site Hannover Braunschweig, German Ctr Infect Res DZIF, Helmholtz Ctr Infect Res, Inhoffenstr 7, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hyde, Kevin D.,Norphanphoun, Chada,Chen, Jie,et al. Thailand's amazing diversity: up to 96% of fungi in northern Thailand may be novel[J]. FUNGAL DIVERSITY,2018,93(1):215-239.
APA Hyde, Kevin D..,Norphanphoun, Chada.,Chen, Jie.,Dissanayake, Asha J..,Doilom, Mingkwan.,...&Stadler, Marc.(2018).Thailand's amazing diversity: up to 96% of fungi in northern Thailand may be novel.FUNGAL DIVERSITY,93(1),215-239.
MLA Hyde, Kevin D.,et al."Thailand's amazing diversity: up to 96% of fungi in northern Thailand may be novel".FUNGAL DIVERSITY 93.1(2018):215-239.
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