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题名: Farm types and farmer motivations to adapt: Implications for design of sustainable agricultural interventions in the rubber plantations of South West China
作者: Hammond, James1, 2, 3; van Wijk, Mark T.4; Smajgl, Alex5; Ward, John6; Pagella, Tim3; null(许建初)1, 2; Su, Yufang1, 2, 7; Yi, Zhuangfang8; Harrison, Rhett D.1, 9
刊名: AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
关键词: Farm typology ; Adaptation ; Adoption ; Scaling interventions ; Diffusion of innovations ; Xishuangbanna
英文摘要: Tropical land use is one of the leading causes of global environmental change. Sustainable agricultural development aims to reduce the negative environmental impacts of tropical land use whilst enhancing the well-being of the smallholder farmers residing in those areas. Interventions with this goal are typically designed by scientists educated in the Western tradition, and often achieve lower than desired uptake by smallholder farmers. We build on work done in farm type classification and studies of factors that influence adaptation, trialling a suite of household survey questions to elucidate the motivational factors that influence a farmer's willingness to adapt to external change. Based on a sample of 1015 households in the rubber growing region of Xishuangbanna, South-west China, we found that farm types based on structural characteristics (e.g. crops, livelihoods) could not be used to accurately predict farmers' motivations to adapt. Amongst all six farm types identified, the full range of motivational typologies was found. We found six motivational types, from most to least likely to adapt, named: Aspirational Innovators, Conscientious, Copy Cats, Incentive-centric, Well Settled, and Change Resistant. These groups roughly corresponded with those identified in literature regarding diffusion of innovations, but such classifications are rarely used in development literature. We predict that only one third of the population would be potentially willing to trial a new intervention, and recommend that those sectors of the population should be identified and preferentially targeted by development programs. Such an approach requires validation that these motivational typologies accurately predict real behaviour perhaps through a panel survey approach. Dedicated data gathering is required, beyond what is usually carried out for ex-ante farm typologies, but with some refinements of the methodology presented here the process need not be onerous. An improved suite of questions to appraise farmers' motivations might include value orientations, life satisfaction, and responses to various scenarios, all phrased to be locally appropriate, with a scoring system that uses the full range of potential scores and a minimum of follow up and peripheral questions. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
出版日期: 2017-06-01
卷号: 154, 期号:1, 页码:1-12
语种: 英语
收录类别: SCI ; SSCi
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.kib.ac.cn/handle/151853/51245
Appears in Collections:中国科学院东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Biodivers & Biogeog, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
2.World Agroforestry Ctr ICRAF, East & Cent Asia Reg Off, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
3.Bangor Univ, Sch Environm Nat Resources & Geog, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales
4.ILRI, Livestock Syst & Environm, Nairobi, Kenya
5.MERFI, Mekong Reg Futures Inst, Interchange Bldg,Sukhumvit Rd, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
6.MERFI, Mekong Reg Futures Inst, Naga House, Viangchan, Laos
7.Yunnan Acad Social Sci, Inst Econ, Kunming 650034, Peoples R China
8.Morton Arboretum, Ctr Tree Sci, 4100 Illinois Route 53, Lisle, IL 60532 USA
9.World Agroforestry Ctr ICRAF, East & Southern Africa Reg, 13 Elm Rd, Lusaka, Zambia

Recommended Citation:
Hammond, James,van Wijk, Mark T.,Smajgl, Alex,et al. Farm types and farmer motivations to adapt: Implications for design of sustainable agricultural interventions in the rubber plantations of South West China[J]. AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS,2017,154(1):1-12.
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