Taxonomic utility of old names in current fungal classification and nomenclature: Conflicts, confusion & clarifications
Dayarathne, M. C.1,2; Boonmee, S.1,2; Braun, U.7; Crous, P. W.8; Daranagama, D. A.1; Dissanayake, A. J.1; Ekanayaka, H.1,2; Jayawardena, R.1,6; Jones, E. B. G.10; Maharachchikumbura, S. S. N.5; Perera, R. H.1; Phillips, A. J. L.9; Stadler, M.11; Thambugala, K. M.1,3; Wanasinghe, D. N.1,2; Zhao, Q.1,2; Hyde, K. D.1,2; Jeewon, R.12
Source PublicationMYCOSPHERE
AbstractFungal taxonomy has a long history and nomenclatural type specimens constitute an integral part of fungal classification and nomenclature. To date, type specimens/old names have served as excellent exemplars and references and have been the pillar for a stable classification and appropriate nomenclature. However, with an increase in the number of species being discovered and the practical problems associated with re-examination and over reliance of old names as exemplars, there is a need to reconsider our traditional taxonomic thinking towards such an approach. It is becoming increasingly clear that loaning specimens, especially of rare and old species, is becoming too tedious, difficult and in some cases, practically impossible. This paper addresses in detail some of the major practical difficulties in referring to old names from a stable nomenclatural system viewpoint, in particular, reluctance of herbaria to loan specimens and poor conditions of specimens. Specific case studies where problems are encountered that hinder references to old names are discussed. Last but not least, mycologists express their opinions and concerns and provide deductive conclusions based on facts and their long experience in mycology. With regards to fungal nomenclature, taxonomists, devoted to bring about rational changes to fungal taxonomy, should be encouraged to use more friendly and practical approaches, with minimum hassle to examine old specimens. We contemplate that this paper will provide potential solutions to facilitate future naming/classification of fungal species.
KeywordType Species Type Materials And Specimens Species Nomenclature Taxonomy Dna Sequence Data Phylogeny
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WOS IDWOS:000393043800002
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Affiliation1.Mae Fah Luang Univ, Ctr Excellence Fungal Res, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Biodivers & Biogeog East Asia KLPB, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Guizhou Acad Agr Sci, Guizhou Key Lab Agr Biotechnol, Guiyang 550006, Guizhou, Peoples R China
4.Guizhou Univ, Minist Educ, Engn Res Ctr Southwest Biopharmaceut Resources, Guiyang 550025, Guizhou, Peoples R China
5.Sultan Qaboos Univ, Coll Agr & Marine Sci, Dept Crop Sci, POB 34, Al Khoud 123, Oman
6.Beijing Acad Agr & Forestry Sci, Inst Plant & Environm Protect, 9 ShuGuangHuaYuanZhangLu, Beijing 100097, Peoples R China
7.Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol, Dept Geobot, Neuwerk 21, D-06099 Halle, Germany
8.Westerdijk Fungal Biodivers Inst, Uppsalalaan 8, NL-3584 CT Utrecht, Netherlands
9.Univ Lisbon, Fac Sci, Biosyst & Integrat Sci Inst BioISI, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal
10.Chiang Mai Univ, Fac Agr, Dept Entomol & Plant Pathol, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
11.Helmholtz Zentrum Infekt Forsch GmbH, Dept Microbial Drugs, Inhoffenstr 7, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany
12.Univ Mauritius, Fac Sci, Dept Hlth Sci, Reduit, Mauritius
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GB/T 7714
Dayarathne, M. C.,Boonmee, S.,Braun, U.,et al. Taxonomic utility of old names in current fungal classification and nomenclature: Conflicts, confusion & clarifications[J]. MYCOSPHERE,2016,7(11):1622-1648.
APA Dayarathne, M. C..,Boonmee, S..,Braun, U..,Crous, P. W..,Daranagama, D. A..,...&Jeewon, R..(2016).Taxonomic utility of old names in current fungal classification and nomenclature: Conflicts, confusion & clarifications.MYCOSPHERE,7(11),1622-1648.
MLA Dayarathne, M. C.,et al."Taxonomic utility of old names in current fungal classification and nomenclature: Conflicts, confusion & clarifications".MYCOSPHERE 7.11(2016):1622-1648.
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