A Miocene leaf fossil record of Rosa (R-fortuita n. sp.) from its modern diversity center in SW China
Su, Tao1,3; Huang, Yong-Jiang2,3; Meng, Jing4; Zhang, Shi-Tao5; Huang, Jian1,6; Zhou, Zhe-Kun1,2
Source PublicationPALAEOWORLD
AbstractRoses (Rosa, Rosaceae) are arguably the most admired ornamental plants in the world. Southwestern China is the center of diversity for many extant native species of Rosa and fossils found in this region are critical for understanding the evolution of this genus. Herein, we report a leaf fossil record with good preservation from the late Miocene of Yunnan Province. The opposite and odd-pinnate leaf is composed of seven elliptical leaflets, with close, crenulate, and regular marginal teeth. The stipules are lanceolate and adnate to the petiole. Additionally, the secondary veins are semicraspedodromous, showing the same venation pattern as most living Rosa species in southwestern China. On the basis of the extensive morphological comparisons, we propose a new species, R. fortuita T. Su et Z.K. Zhou n. sp. This is the first confirmed Rosa leaf fossil record in China, and the discovery of R. fortuita n. sp. indicates that Rosa existed in southwestern China by the late Miocene. It suggests that Rosa was distributed in subtropical or temperate forests and shared a similar ecological niche as Rosa in Europe during the Oligocene and Miocene. The modern diversification of Rosa in southwestern China is thought to have been closely associated with the continuous uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau since the late Miocene, creating complex topography and a variety of climate conditions. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. and Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS. All rights reserved.
KeywordBiodiversity Fossil Miocene Qinghai-tibet Plateau Rosa Xiaolongtan Formation
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaPaleontology
WOS SubjectPaleontology
WOS IDWOS:000371910500011
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Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla 666303, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming 650204, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Paleontol, State Key Lab Paleobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
4.Yunnan Agr Univ, Coll Hort & Landscape, Kunming 650201, Peoples R China
5.Kunming Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Land Resource Engn, Kunming 650093, Peoples R China
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Su, Tao,Huang, Yong-Jiang,Meng, Jing,et al. A Miocene leaf fossil record of Rosa (R-fortuita n. sp.) from its modern diversity center in SW China[J]. PALAEOWORLD,2016,25(1):104-115.
APA Su, Tao,Huang, Yong-Jiang,Meng, Jing,Zhang, Shi-Tao,Huang, Jian,&Zhou, Zhe-Kun.(2016).A Miocene leaf fossil record of Rosa (R-fortuita n. sp.) from its modern diversity center in SW China.PALAEOWORLD,25(1),104-115.
MLA Su, Tao,et al."A Miocene leaf fossil record of Rosa (R-fortuita n. sp.) from its modern diversity center in SW China".PALAEOWORLD 25.1(2016):104-115.
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